SOLITAIRE-IV: A Randomized, Double-Blind, Multicenter Study Comparing the Efficacy and Safety of Intravenous-to-Oral Solithromycin to Intravenous-to-Oral Moxifloxacin for Treatment of Community-Acquired Bacterial Pneumonia.

Title

SOLITAIRE-IV: A Randomized, Double-Blind, Multicenter Study Comparing the Efficacy and Safety of Intravenous-to-Oral Solithromycin to Intravenous-to-Oral Moxifloxacin for Treatment of Community-Acquired Bacterial Pneumonia.

Creator

File Thomas M Jr; Rewerska Barbara; Vucinic-Mihailovic Violeta; Gonong Joven Roque V; Das Anita F; Keedy Kara; Taylor David; Sheets Amanda; Fernandes Prabhavathi; Oldach David; Jamieson Brian D

Publisher

Clinical infectious diseases : an official publication of the Infectious Diseases Society of America

Date

2016
2016-10

Description

BACKGROUND: Solithromycin, a novel macrolide antibiotic with both intravenous and oral formulations dosed once daily, has completed 2 global phase 3 trials for treatment of community-acquired bacterial pneumonia. METHODS: A total of 863 adults with community-acquired bacterial pneumonia (Pneumonia Outcomes Research Team [PORT] class II-IV) were randomized 1:1 to receive either intravenous-to-oral solithromycin or moxifloxacin for 7 once-daily doses. All patients received 400 mg intravenously on day 1 and were permitted to switch to oral dosing when clinically indicated. The primary objective was to demonstrate noninferiority (10% margin) of solithromycin to moxifloxacin in achievement of early clinical response (ECR) assessed 3 days after first dose in the intent-to-treat (ITT) population. Secondary endpoints included demonstrating noninferiority in ECR in the microbiological ITT population (micro-ITT) and determination of investigator-assessed success rates at the short-term follow-up (SFU) visit 5-10 days posttherapy. RESULTS: In the ITT population, 79.3% of solithromycin patients and 79.7% of moxifloxacin patients achieved ECR (treatment difference, -0.46; 95% confidence interval [CI], -6.1 to 5.2). In the micro-ITT population, 80.3% of solithromycin patients and 79.1% of moxifloxacin patients achieved ECR (treatment difference, 1.26; 95% CI, -8.1 to 10.6). In the ITT population, 84.6% of solithromycin patients and 88.6% of moxifloxacin patients achieved clinical success at SFU based on investigator assessment. Mostly mild/moderate infusion events led to higher incidence of adverse events overall in the solithromycin group. Other adverse events were comparable between treatment groups. CONCLUSIONS: Intravenous-to-oral solithromycin was noninferior to intravenous-to-oral moxifloxacin. Solithromycin has potential to provide an intravenous and oral option for monotherapy for community-acquired bacterial pneumonia. CLINICAL TRIALS REGISTRATION: NCT01968733.

Subject

*clinical trial; *community-acquired; *pneumonia; *solithromycin; *Streptococcus pneumoniae; 80 and over; Administration; Adult; Aged; Anti-Bacterial Agents/*administration & dosage/adverse effects; Bacterial; Bacterial/diagnosis/*drug therapy/*microbiology; Community-Acquired Infections/diagnosis/*drug therapy/*microbiology; Comorbidity; Drug Resistance; Female; Fluoroquinolones/*administration & dosage/adverse effects; Humans; Intravenous; Macrolides/*administration & dosage/adverse effects; Male; Microbial Sensitivity Tests; Middle Aged; Moxifloxacin; Oral; Pneumonia; Treatment Outcome; Triazoles/*administration & dosage/adverse effects

Identifier

Rights

Article information provided for research and reference use only. All rights are retained by the journal listed under publisher and/or the creator(s).

Pages

1007–1016

Issue

8

Volume

63

Citation

File Thomas M Jr; Rewerska Barbara; Vucinic-Mihailovic Violeta; Gonong Joven Roque V; Das Anita F; Keedy Kara; Taylor David; Sheets Amanda; Fernandes Prabhavathi; Oldach David; Jamieson Brian D, “SOLITAIRE-IV: A Randomized, Double-Blind, Multicenter Study Comparing the Efficacy and Safety of Intravenous-to-Oral Solithromycin to Intravenous-to-Oral Moxifloxacin for Treatment of Community-Acquired Bacterial Pneumonia.,” NEOMED Bibliography Database, accessed June 15, 2021, https://neomed.omeka.net/items/show/4176.

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