Primary care, the ROAD less traveled: what first-year medical students want in a specialty.

Title

Primary care, the ROAD less traveled: what first-year medical students want in a specialty.

Creator

Clinite Kimberly L; Reddy Shalini T; Kazantsev Stephanie M; Kogan Jennifer R; Durning Steven J; Blevins Terri; Chou Calvin L; Diemer Gretchen; Dunne Dana W; Fagan Mark J; Hartung Paul J; Mechaber Hilit F; Paauw Douglas S; Wong Jeffrey G; DeZee Kent J

Publisher

Academic medicine : journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges

Date

2013
2013-10

Description

PURPOSE: Medical students are increasingly choosing non-primary-care specialties. Students consider lifestyle in selecting their specialty, but how entering medical students perceive lifestyle is unknown. This study investigates how first-year students value or rate lifestyle domains and specialty-selection characteristics and whether their ratings vary by interest in primary care (PC). METHOD: During the 2012-2013 academic year, the authors conducted a cross-sectional survey of first-year medical students from 11 MD-granting medical schools. Using a five-point Likert-type scale (1 = not important at all; 5 = extremely important), respondents rated the importance of 5 domains of good lifestyle and 21 characteristics related to specialty selection. The authors classified students into five groups by PC interest and assessed differences by PC interest using one-way analysis of variance. RESULTS: Of 1,704 participants, 1,020 responded (60%). The option "type of work I am doing" was the highest-rated lifestyle domain (mean 4.8, standard deviation [SD] 0.6). "Being satisfied with the job" was the highest-rated specialty-selection characteristic (mean 4.7, SD 0.5). "Availability of practice locations in rural areas" was rated lowest (mean 2.0, SD 1.1). As PC interest decreased, the importance of "opportunities to work with underserved populations" also decreased, but importance of "average salary earned" increased (effect sizes of 0.98 and 0.94, respectively). CONCLUSIONS: First-year students valued enjoying work. The importance of financial compensation was inversely associated with interest in PC. Examining the determinants of enjoyable work may inform interventions to help students attain professional fulfillment in PC.

Subject

*Career Choice; *Life Style; *Primary Health Care; *Specialization; Cross-Sectional Studies; Female; Humans; Male; Medical/*psychology; Students; Surveys and Questionnaires; United States

Rights

Article information provided for research and reference use only. All rights are retained by the journal listed under publisher and/or the creator(s).

Pages

1522–1528

Issue

10

Volume

88

Citation

Clinite Kimberly L; Reddy Shalini T; Kazantsev Stephanie M; Kogan Jennifer R; Durning Steven J; Blevins Terri; Chou Calvin L; Diemer Gretchen; Dunne Dana W; Fagan Mark J; Hartung Paul J; Mechaber Hilit F; Paauw Douglas S; Wong Jeffrey G; DeZee Kent J, “Primary care, the ROAD less traveled: what first-year medical students want in a specialty.,” NEOMED Bibliography Database, accessed May 13, 2021, https://neomed.omeka.net/items/show/4336.

Social Bookmarking