Pullout strength and load to failure properties of self-tapping cortical screws in synthetic and cadaveric environments representative of healthy and osteoporotic bone.

Title

Pullout strength and load to failure properties of self-tapping cortical screws in synthetic and cadaveric environments representative of healthy and osteoporotic bone.

Creator

Schoenfeld Andrew J; Battula Suneel; Sahai Vivek; Vrabec Gregory A; Corman Steven; Burton Lyndsey; Njus Glen O

Publisher

The Journal of trauma

Date

2008
2008-05

Description

BACKGROUND: The parameters of self-tapping screw (STS) performance in normal and osteoporotic bone have been defined in representative environments, but the question remains as to the clinical application of such findings. The goal of this study was to analyze the biomechanical performance of STSs in cadaveric and synthetic environments representative of healthy and osteoporotic bone. METHODS: Ninety-six Synthes STSs were inserted into cadaveric and synthetic models representative of osteoporotic and healthy bone. Screws were inserted to depths of 1 mm short of the far cortex, flush and 1 mm and 2 mm beyond the far cortex. Screws were tested with an Instron 8511 material testing system utilizing axial pullout forces. A SAS procedure was used to conduct analysis of variance for unbalanced datasets. RESULTS: Substantial differences were appreciated with respect to screw performance between osteoporotic and healthy bone specimens. Although a similar pattern of increased pullout strength and loading energy with increasing depth of insertion was demonstrated, absolute values were lower in osteoporotic specimens. Although performance trends were similar in cadaveric and synthetic testing models for both osteoporotic and healthy bone, values obtained during testing were different. Incomplete insertion of STSs resulted in a 21.5% and 37% reduction of biomechanical properties in osteoporotic and normal bone, respectively. CONCLUSIONS: These results indicate that previously published findings on the performance of STSs in synthetic models cannot reasonably be applied to the clinical realm. Although trends may be similar, screw performance in synthetic, as compared with cadaveric, models is markedly different.

Subject

*Bone Screws; *Bone Substitutes; *Models; *Osteoporosis; *Shear Strength; Biological; Biomechanical Phenomena; Cadaver; Equipment Design; Humans; Materials Testing/*methods; Mechanical; Stress

Rights

Article information provided for research and reference use only. All rights are retained by the journal listed under publisher and/or the creator(s).

Pages

1302–1307

Issue

5

Volume

64

Citation

Schoenfeld Andrew J; Battula Suneel; Sahai Vivek; Vrabec Gregory A; Corman Steven; Burton Lyndsey; Njus Glen O, “Pullout strength and load to failure properties of self-tapping cortical screws in synthetic and cadaveric environments representative of healthy and osteoporotic bone.,” NEOMED Bibliography Database, accessed January 20, 2021, https://neomed.omeka.net/items/show/4425.

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