Clinical implications and treatment of multiresistant Streptococcus pneumoniae pneumonia.

Title

Clinical implications and treatment of multiresistant Streptococcus pneumoniae pneumonia.

Creator

File T M Jr

Publisher

Clinical microbiology and infection : the official publication of the European Society of Clinical Microbiology and Infectious Diseases

Date

2006
2006-05

Description

Streptococcus pneumoniae is the leading bacterial cause of community-acquired respiratory tract infections. Prior to the 1970s this pathogen was uniformly susceptible to penicillin and most other antimicrobials. However, since the 1990s there has been a significant increase in drug-resistant Streptococcus pneumoniae (DRSP) due, in large part, to increased use of antimicrobials. The clinical significance of this resistance is not definitely established, but appears to be most relevant to specific MICs for specific antimicrobials. Certain beta-lactams (amoxicillin, cefotaxime, ceftriaxone), the respiratory fluoroquinolones, and telithromycin are among several agents that remain effective against DRSP. Continued surveillance studies, appropriate antimicrobial usage campaigns, stratification of patients based on known risk factors for resistance, and vaccination programmes are needed to appropriately manage DRSP and limit its spread.

Subject

Anti-Infective Agents/*therapeutic use; Bacterial; Community-Acquired Infections/*drug therapy/economics/*microbiology; Drug Resistance; Fluoroquinolones/*therapeutic use; Humans; Ketolides/therapeutic use; Multiple; Pneumococcal/*drug therapy/economics/*microbiology; Pneumonia; Streptococcus pneumoniae/*growth & development

Rights

Article information provided for research and reference use only. All rights are retained by the journal listed under publisher and/or the creator(s).

Pages

31–41

Volume

12 Suppl 3

Citation

File T M Jr, “Clinical implications and treatment of multiresistant Streptococcus pneumoniae pneumonia.,” NEOMED Bibliography Database, accessed May 8, 2021, https://neomed.omeka.net/items/show/4459.

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