Design and assessment of a tissue-engineered model of human phalanges and a small joint.

Title

Design and assessment of a tissue-engineered model of human phalanges and a small joint.

Creator

Landis W J; Jacquet R; Hillyer J; Lowder E; Yanke A; Siperko L; Asamura S; Kusuhara H; Enjo M; Chubinskaya S; Potter K; Isogai N

Publisher

Orthodontics & craniofacial research

Date

2005
2005-11

Description

OBJECTIVES: To develop models of human phalanges and small joints by suturing different cell-polymer constructs that are then implanted in athymic (nude) mice. DESIGN: Models consisted of bovine periosteum, cartilage, and/or tendon cells seeded onto biodegradable polymer scaffolds of either polyglycolic acid (PGA) or copolymers of PGA and poly-L-lactic acid (PLLA) or poly-epsilon-caprolactone (PCL) and PLLA. Constructs were fabricated to produce a distal phalanx, middle phalanx, or distal interphalangeal joint. SETTING AND SAMPLE POPULATION: Studies of more than 250 harvested implants were conducted at the Northeastern Ohio Universities College of Medicine. EXPERIMENTAL VARIABLE: Polymer scaffold, cell type, and implantation time were examined. OUTCOME MEASURE: Tissue-engineered specimens were characterized by histology, transmission electron microscopy, in situ hybridization, laser capture microdissection and qualitative and quantitative polymerase chain reaction analysis, magnetic resonance microscopy, and X-ray microtomography. RESULTS: Over periods to 60 weeks of implantation, constructs developed through vascularity from host mice; formed new cartilage, bone, and/or tendon; expressed characteristic genes of bovine origin, including type I, II and X collagen, osteopontin, aggrecan, biglycan, and bone sialoprotein; secreted corresponding proteins; responded to applied mechanical stimuli; and maintained shapes of human phalanges with small joints. CONCLUSION: Results give insight into construct processes of tissue regeneration and development and suggest more complete tissue-engineered cartilage, bone, and tendon models. These should have significant future scientific and clinical applications in medicine, including their use in plastic surgery, orthopaedics, craniofacial reconstruction, and teratology.

Subject

*Bioartificial Organs; *Biomimetic Materials; *Finger Joint; *Finger Phalanges; *Tissue Engineering; Animals; Biological; Bone and Bones; Cartilage; Cattle; Humans; Lactic Acid; Mice; Models; Nude; Polyglycolic Acid; Polylactic Acid-Polyglycolic Acid Copolymer; Polymers; Tendons

Rights

Article information provided for research and reference use only. All rights are retained by the journal listed under publisher and/or the creator(s).

Pages

303–312

Issue

4

Volume

8

Citation

Landis W J; Jacquet R; Hillyer J; Lowder E; Yanke A; Siperko L; Asamura S; Kusuhara H; Enjo M; Chubinskaya S; Potter K; Isogai N, “Design and assessment of a tissue-engineered model of human phalanges and a small joint.,” NEOMED Bibliography Database, accessed March 2, 2021, https://neomed.omeka.net/items/show/4484.

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