Fatal passenger vehicle crashes with at least 1 driver younger than 15 years: a fatality analysis reporting system study.

Title

Fatal passenger vehicle crashes with at least 1 driver younger than 15 years: a fatality analysis reporting system study.

Creator

Frisch Larry; Plessinger Alexander

Publisher

The Journal of rural health : official journal of the American Rural Health Association and the National Rural Health Care Association

Date

2007
1905-06

Description

CONTEXT: A small number of fatalities continue to occur due to motor vehicle crashes on highways in which at least 1 passenger vehicle (automobile, van, or small truck) is driven by a child younger than 15 years. PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to extend previous work suggesting that such crashes occur frequently in the Southern states and have relatively high rates in rural areas in the South and Great Plains. METHODS: This study utilizes data for the 5-year period 1999-2003 from the National Highway Transportation Safety Administration's online Fatality Analysis Reporting System. All cases were identified in which at least 1 conventional passenger vehicle in a fatal crash was being driven by a child younger than 15 years. FINDINGS: During the 5-year period, 350 fatal crashes occurred with at least 1 driver younger than 15 years involved. Twenty-one of these drivers were licensed (11) or driving with a learner's permit (10). A total of 987 individuals in 419 vehicles were involved in these crashes, and 402 deaths resulted (1.16 deaths/crash). These crashes occurred primarily in Texas, Florida, Arkansas, and Arizona, but the highest rates per 100,000 children were found in North and South Dakota and predominantly in a band of Intermountain and Plains states. There was a strong correlation between crash rates and several measures of rurality. CONCLUSIONS: Crashes involving young, largely unlicensed, drivers account for about 70 deaths yearly.

Subject

Accidents; Adolescent; Age Factors; Automobile Driving/legislation & jurisprudence/*statistics & numerical data; Child; Female; Geography; Humans; Licensure; Male; Midwestern United States/epidemiology; Pilot Projects; Rural Health/*statistics & numerical data; Southeastern United States/epidemiology; Southwestern United States/epidemiology; Traffic/*mortality/statistics & numerical data

Rights

Article information provided for research and reference use only. All rights are retained by the journal listed under publisher and/or the creator(s).

Pages

158–162

Issue

2

Volume

23

Citation

Frisch Larry; Plessinger Alexander, “Fatal passenger vehicle crashes with at least 1 driver younger than 15 years: a fatality analysis reporting system study.,” NEOMED Bibliography Database, accessed May 13, 2021, https://neomed.omeka.net/items/show/4485.

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