Local modulation of adrenergic responses in the hindlimb vasculature of the intact conscious rat.

Title

Local modulation of adrenergic responses in the hindlimb vasculature of the intact conscious rat.

Creator

DiCarlo S E; Patil R D; Collins H L; Chen C Y

Publisher

The Journal of physiology

Date

1995
1995-06

Description

1. Local modulation of adrenergic responses was examined in the hindlimb vasculature of chronically instrumented intact conscious rats. Sprague-Dawley rats (n = 22) were instrumented with a Doppler flow probe around the right common iliac artery, a polyethylene catheter inserted just distal to the flow probe and a left carotid arterial catheter. 2. The effects of various concentrations of the alpha 1-adrenergic receptor agonist phenylephrine (0.005-0.075 microgram kg-1), the alpha 2-adrenergic receptor agonist clonidine (0.1-0.7 microgram kg-1), and the endogenous adrenergic receptor agonist adrenaline (0.02-0.08 microgram kg-1), were investigated under control conditions, and in the presence of the nitric oxide (NO) synthase inhibitor N omega-nitro-L-arginine methyl ester hydrochoride (L-NAME) (NO-X, 0.2 mg kg-1) and the cyclo-oxygenase inhibitor indomethacin (CO-X, 10 mg kg-1). Results were presented as dose-response curves. 3. Heart rate and arterial pressure were not altered by any of the agents because all were locally injected into the hindlimb vasculature and the selected doses were lower than those which elicited systemic responses. 4. Maximal vasoconstrictor responses to phenylephrine were enhanced in the presence of NO-X (50 +/- 6%) and

Subject

Adrenergic Agonists/*pharmacology; Animals; Arginine/analogs & derivatives/pharmacology; Cyclooxygenase Inhibitors/pharmacology; Female; Hemodynamics/*drug effects/physiology; Hindlimb/*blood supply/drug effects/metabolism; Indomethacin/pharmacology; Male; NG-Nitroarginine Methyl Ester; Nitric Oxide Synthase/antagonists & inhibitors; Rats; Sprague-Dawley

Rights

Article information provided for research and reference use only. All rights are retained by the journal listed under publisher and/or the creator(s).

Pages

817–825

Volume

485 ( Pt 3)

Citation

DiCarlo S E; Patil R D; Collins H L; Chen C Y, “Local modulation of adrenergic responses in the hindlimb vasculature of the intact conscious rat.,” NEOMED Bibliography Database, accessed June 12, 2021, https://neomed.omeka.net/items/show/4512.

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