A noninflammatory interleukin-1beta fragment stimulates fetal lung fluid absorption in guinea pigs.

Title

A noninflammatory interleukin-1beta fragment stimulates fetal lung fluid absorption in guinea pigs.

Creator

Li Tianbo; Varadarajulu Shilpa; Beard LaMonta L; Yun June; Folkesson Hans G

Publisher

The Journal of pharmacology and experimental therapeutics

Date

2007
2007-02

Description

We have previously demonstrated that full-length interleukin (IL)-1beta can induce and stimulate lung fluid absorption in near-term guinea pig fetuses via stimulation of fetal cortisol synthesis and release. To develop a potentially clinically useful drug, we tested the hypothesis that maternal administration of a noninflammatory IL-1beta-fragment (IL-1beta(Fr)) induced cortisol synthesis and stimulated lung fluid absorption in preterm fetuses. IL-1beta(Fr) was administered s.c. daily to timed-pregnant guinea pigs for 3 days with and without simultaneous cortisol synthesis inhibition by metyrapone. Fetuses were obtained by abdominal hysterotomy at 61 and 68 days gestation and instilled with isosmolar 5% albumin into the lungs, and lung fluid absorption was measured over 1 h by mass balance. Lung fluid absorption was induced at 61 days and stimulated at 68 days gestation by IL-1beta(Fr), which both were attenuated by cortisol synthesis inhibition. Moreover, induction of labor by oxytocin stimulated lung fluid absorption at 61 days but had no stimulatory effect at 68 days gestation when given with the IL-1beta(Fr). Plasma adrenocorticotropin and cortisol concentrations were increased by IL-1beta(Fr) at 61 days gestation and remained high but unstimulated by IL-1beta(Fr) at 68 days gestation, and metyrapone always reduced cortisol concentrations. Prenatal lung fluid absorption, when present as well as IL-1beta(Fr)-induced, was always propranolol- and amiloride-sensitive, suggesting that beta-adrenoceptor stimulation and the epithelial Na(+) channel (ENaC) were critical for the induced/stimulated lung fluid absorption. ENaC expression was increased by IL-1beta(Fr) and attenuated by cortisol synthesis inhibition. Thus, our results suggest a potential clinical use of IL-1beta(Fr) therapeutically to induce lung fluid absorption in fetuses at risk of preterm delivery.

Subject

Absorption; Adrenergic; Adrenocorticotropic Hormone/blood; Animals; beta/analysis; Body Fluids/drug effects/metabolism; Epithelial Sodium Channels/genetics; Female; Fetus/drug effects; Guinea Pigs; Hydrocortisone/biosynthesis; Interleukin-1beta/*pharmacology; Lung/*drug effects/metabolism; Messenger/analysis; Oxytocin/pharmacology; Peptide Fragments/*pharmacology; Pregnancy; Receptors; RNA

Rights

Article information provided for research and reference use only. All rights are retained by the journal listed under publisher and/or the creator(s).

Pages

877–884

Issue

2

Volume

320

Citation

Li Tianbo; Varadarajulu Shilpa; Beard LaMonta L; Yun June; Folkesson Hans G, “A noninflammatory interleukin-1beta fragment stimulates fetal lung fluid absorption in guinea pigs.,” NEOMED Bibliography Database, accessed April 14, 2021, https://neomed.omeka.net/items/show/4526.

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