Intracellular recordings from combination-sensitive neurons in the inferior colliculus.

Title

Intracellular recordings from combination-sensitive neurons in the inferior colliculus.

Creator

Peterson Diana Coomes; Voytenko Sergiy; Gans Donald; Galazyuk Alexander; Wenstrup Jeffrey

Publisher

Journal of neurophysiology

Date

2008
2008-08

Description

In vertebrate auditory systems, specialized combination-sensitive neurons analyze complex vocal signals by integrating information across multiple frequency bands. We studied combination-sensitive interactions in neurons of the inferior colliculus (IC) of awake mustached bats, using intracellular somatic recording with sharp electrodes. Facilitated combinatorial neurons are coincidence detectors, showing maximum facilitation when excitation from low- and high-frequency stimuli coincide. Previous work showed that facilitatory interactions originate in the IC, require both low and high frequency-tuned glycinergic inputs, and are independent of glutamatergic inputs. These results suggest that glycinergic inputs evoke facilitation through either postinhibitory rebound or direct depolarizing mechanisms. However, in 35 of 36 facilitated neurons, we observed no evidence of low frequency-evoked transient hyperpolarization or depolarization that was closely related to response facilitation. Furthermore, we observed no evidence of shunting inhibition that might conceal inhibitory inputs. Since these facilitatory interactions originate in IC neurons, the results suggest that inputs underlying facilitation are electrically segregated from the soma. We also recorded inhibitory combinatorial interactions, in which low frequency sounds suppress responses to higher frequency signals. In 43% of 118 neurons, we observed low frequency-evoked hyperpolarizations associated with combinatorial inhibition. For these neurons, we conclude that low frequency-tuned inhibitory inputs terminate on neurons primarily excited by high-frequency signals; these inhibitory inputs may create or enhance inhibitory combinatorial interactions. In the remainder of inhibited combinatorial neurons (57%), we observed no evidence of low frequency-evoked hyperpolarizations, consistent with observations that inhibitory combinatorial responses may originate in lateral lemniscal nuclei.

Subject

Acoustic Stimulation/methods; Afferent/classification/*physiology; Animals; Auditory/physiology; Biological; Chiroptera; Evoked Potentials; Inferior Colliculi/*cytology; Membrane Potentials/physiology/radiation effects; Models; Neural Inhibition/*physiology; Neural Pathways/physiology; Neurons; Psychophysics; Reaction Time; Wakefulness

Rights

Article information provided for research and reference use only. All rights are retained by the journal listed under publisher and/or the creator(s).

Pages

629–645

Issue

2

Volume

100

Citation

Peterson Diana Coomes; Voytenko Sergiy; Gans Donald; Galazyuk Alexander; Wenstrup Jeffrey, “Intracellular recordings from combination-sensitive neurons in the inferior colliculus.,” NEOMED Bibliography Database, accessed October 23, 2021, https://neomed.omeka.net/items/show/4686.

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