Requisite Role of Kv1.5 Channels in Coronary Metabolic Dilation.

Title

Requisite Role of Kv1.5 Channels in Coronary Metabolic Dilation.

Creator

Ohanyan Vahagn; Yin Liya; Bardakjian Raffi; Kolz Christopher; Enrick Molly; Hakobyan Tatevik; Kmetz John; Bratz Ian; Luli Jordan; Nagane Masaki; Khan Nadeem; Hou Huagang; Kuppusamy Periannan; Graham Jacqueline; Fu Frances Kwan; Janota Danielle; Oyewumi Moses O; Logan Suzanna; Lindner Jonathan R; Chilian William M

Publisher

Circulation research

Date

2015
2015-09

Description

RATIONALE: In the working heart, coronary blood flow is linked to the production of metabolites, which modulate tone of smooth muscle in a redox-dependent manner. Voltage-gated potassium channels (Kv), which play a role in controlling membrane potential in vascular smooth muscle, have certain members that are redox-sensitive. OBJECTIVE: To determine the role of redox-sensitive Kv1.5 channels in coronary metabolic flow regulation. METHODS AND RESULTS: In mice (wild-type [WT], Kv1.5 null [Kv1.5(-/-)], and Kv1.5(-/-) and WT with inducible, smooth muscle-specific expression of Kv1.5 channels), we measured mean arterial pressure, myocardial blood flow, myocardial tissue oxygen tension, and ejection fraction before and after inducing cardiac stress with norepinephrine. Cardiac work was estimated as the product of mean arterial pressure and heart rate. Isolated arteries were studied to establish whether genetic alterations modified vascular reactivity. Despite higher levels of cardiac work in the Kv1.5(-/-) mice (versus WT mice at baseline and all doses of norepinephrine), myocardial blood flow was lower in Kv1.5(-/-) mice than in WT mice. At high levels of cardiac work, tissue oxygen tension dropped significantly along with ejection fraction. Expression of Kv1.5 channels in smooth muscle in the null background rescued this phenotype of impaired metabolic dilation. In isolated vessels from Kv1.5(-/-) mice, relaxation to H2O2 was impaired, but responses to adenosine and acetylcholine were normal compared with those from WT mice. CONCLUSIONS: Kv1.5 channels in vascular smooth muscle play a critical role in coupling myocardial blood flow to cardiac metabolism. Absence of these channels disassociates metabolism from flow, resulting in cardiac pump dysfunction and tissue hypoxia.

Subject

129 Strain; Animals; cardiac function; contrast echocardiography; Coronary Circulation/*physiology; Coronary Vessels/*metabolism; hydrogen peroxide; Inbred C57BL; ion channel; Knockout; Kv1.5 Potassium Channel/*physiology; Mice; Muscle; Smooth; Transgenic; transgenic mice; Vascular/*metabolism; vasodilation; Vasodilation/*physiology; voltage-gated potassium channels

Rights

Article information provided for research and reference use only. All rights are retained by the journal listed under publisher and/or the creator(s).

Pages

612–621

Issue

7

Volume

117

Citation

Ohanyan Vahagn; Yin Liya; Bardakjian Raffi; Kolz Christopher; Enrick Molly; Hakobyan Tatevik; Kmetz John; Bratz Ian; Luli Jordan; Nagane Masaki; Khan Nadeem; Hou Huagang; Kuppusamy Periannan; Graham Jacqueline; Fu Frances Kwan; Janota Danielle; Oyewumi Moses O; Logan Suzanna; Lindner Jonathan R; Chilian William M, “Requisite Role of Kv1.5 Channels in Coronary Metabolic Dilation.,” NEOMED Bibliography Database, accessed May 14, 2021, https://neomed.omeka.net/items/show/4750.

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