The Capillary Index Score as a Marker of Viable Cerebral Tissue: Proof of Concept-The Capillary Index Score in the MR CLEAN (Multicenter Randomized Clinical Trial of Endovascular Treatment for Acute Ischemic Stroke in the Netherlands) Trial.

Title

The Capillary Index Score as a Marker of Viable Cerebral Tissue: Proof of Concept-The Capillary Index Score in the MR CLEAN (Multicenter Randomized Clinical Trial of Endovascular Treatment for Acute Ischemic Stroke in the Netherlands) Trial.

Creator

Al-Ali Firas; Berkhemer Olvert A; Yousman Wina P; Elias John J; Bender Evin N; Lingsma Hester F; van der Lugt Aad; Dippel Diederik W J; Roos Yvo B W E M; van Oostenbrugge Robert J; van Zwam Wim H; Dillon William P; Majoie Charles B L M

Publisher

Stroke

Date

2016
2016-09

Description

BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: The capillary index score (CIS) is based on the hypothesis that areas lacking capillary blush on pretreatment cerebral digital subtraction angiograms correspond to nonviable cerebral tissue. METHODS: Pretreatment digital subtraction angiograms and post-treatment noncontrast enhanced computed tomographic scans from the MR CLEAN (Multicenter Randomized Clinical Trial of Endovascular Treatment for Acute Ischemic Stroke in the Netherlands) trial were evaluated for areas lacking capillary blush and with tissue hypodensity, respectively. Because the superior and middle zones of the CIS correspond to the 7 cerebral cortex regions of the Alberta Stroke Program Early CT (ASPECT) score, capillary blush was scored in these 2 zones (0-2), called sub-CIS, and compared with the ASPECT score in these 7 regions (0-7), called hypodensity score. The presence and extent of hypodensity were compared between sub-CIS zones with contingency tables and nonparametric comparisons between groups, respectively. RESULTS: On the basis of a sample size of 50 subjects, 100% with sub-CIS \textless2 had the presence of hypodensity (hypodensity score \textgreater/=1) versus 57% for sub-CIS=2 (P=0.004). The extent of hypodensity (numeric hypodensity score) was significantly lower for sub-CIS=2 than 0 or 1 (P=0.02). For 42 subjects with revascularization data, the presence and extent of hypodensity were significantly lower for sub-CIS=2 plus good revascularization than for other combinations of sub-CIS and revascularization (P=0.02 and 0.01, respectively). CONCLUSIONS: The absence of capillary blush on pretreatment digital subtraction angiogram seems to correspond to nonviable cerebral tissue. Successful revascularization reduces the chance of tissue hypodensity (infarction), when capillary blush is present. CLINICAL TRIAL REGISTRATION: URL: http://www.trialregister.nl. Unique identifier: NTR number 1804. URL: http://www.isrctn.com. Unique identifier: ISRCTN10888758.

Subject

*cerebral cortex; *infarction; *stroke; *tissue; Angiography; Brain; Brain Ischemia/*diagnostic imaging/therapy; Brain/*diagnostic imaging; Capillaries; Capillaries/*diagnostic imaging; Cerebral Ischemia; Cerebral Ischemia – Therapy; Checklists; Comparative Studies; Computed Tomography Angiography/*methods; Digital Subtraction – Methods; Digital Subtraction/*methods; Endovascular Procedures/methods; Evaluation Research; Human; Humans; Multicenter Studies; Randomized Controlled Trials; Scales; Stroke; Stroke – Therapy; Stroke/*diagnostic imaging/therapy; Treatment Outcome; Treatment Outcomes; Validation Studies

Rights

Article information provided for research and reference use only. All rights are retained by the journal listed under publisher and/or the creator(s).

Pages

2286–2291

Issue

9

Volume

47

Citation

Al-Ali Firas; Berkhemer Olvert A; Yousman Wina P; Elias John J; Bender Evin N; Lingsma Hester F; van der Lugt Aad; Dippel Diederik W J; Roos Yvo B W E M; van Oostenbrugge Robert J; van Zwam Wim H; Dillon William P; Majoie Charles B L M, “The Capillary Index Score as a Marker of Viable Cerebral Tissue: Proof of Concept-The Capillary Index Score in the MR CLEAN (Multicenter Randomized Clinical Trial of Endovascular Treatment for Acute Ischemic Stroke in the Netherlands) Trial.,” NEOMED Bibliography Database, accessed December 7, 2021, https://neomed.omeka.net/items/show/4760.

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