Temporal artery temperature measurements in healthy infants, children, and adolescents.

Title

Temporal artery temperature measurements in healthy infants, children, and adolescents.

Creator

Roy Sumita; Powell Keith; Gerson Lowell W

Publisher

Clinical pediatrics

Date

2003
2003-06

Description

A noninvasive temporal artery thermometer that uses arterial heat balance technology has been compared to rectal and ear thermometry and is available in the marketplace. This study was undertaken to establish mean temperatures and temperatures 2 standard deviations above the mean for healthy infants, children, and adolescents. Temperatures were measured in healthy patients 0 to 18 years of age using a noninvasive temporal artery thermometer. Temperatures were measured in 2,346 patients. Mean temperatures and temperatures 2 standard deviations above the mean were: 37.1 degrees C (38.1 degrees C) for 383 infants 0 to 2 months; 36.9 degrees C (37.9 degrees C) for 860 children 3 to 47 months; 36.8 degrees C (37.8 degrees C) for 680 children 4 to 9 years; and 36.7 degrees C (37.8 degrees C) for 423 adolescents 10 to 18 years. There were no significant differences in temperatures in white compared to African-American children, children with or without perspiration on their forehead, or between measurements taken on the left compared to the right side of the forehead. This study provides information about temporal artery temperatures in healthy infants and children that can serve as a basis for interpreting temperature measurements in ill children when the same instrument is used.

Subject

Adolescent; Body Temperature/*physiology; Child; Cohort Studies; Confidence Intervals; Female; Humans; Infant; Male; Newborn; Preschool; Reference Values; Sensitivity and Specificity; Skin Temperature/physiology; Temporal Arteries; Thermometers/*standards

Rights

Article information provided for research and reference use only. All rights are retained by the journal listed under publisher and/or the creator(s).

Pages

433–437

Issue

5

Volume

42

Citation

Roy Sumita; Powell Keith; Gerson Lowell W, “Temporal artery temperature measurements in healthy infants, children, and adolescents.,” NEOMED Bibliography Database, accessed May 9, 2021, https://neomed.omeka.net/items/show/4785.

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