Complications and Perioperative Management of Patients Undergoing Thoracic Endovascular Aortic Repair.

Title

Complications and Perioperative Management of Patients Undergoing Thoracic Endovascular Aortic Repair.

Creator

Sattah Anna P; Secrist Michael H; Sarin Shawn

Publisher

Journal of intensive care medicine

Date

2018
2018-07

Description

Endovascular treatments have become increasingly common for patients with a variety of thoracic aortic pathologies. Although considered less invasive than traditional open surgical approaches, they are nonetheless complex procedures. Patients undergo manipulation of an often calcified aorta near the origin of the carotid and subclavian vessels and have stents placed in a curved vessel adjacent to a perpetually beating heart. These stents can obstruct blood flow to the spinal cord, induce an inflammatory response, and in rare cases erode into the adjacent trachea or esophagus. Renal complications range from contrast-induced nephropathy to hypotension and ischemia to dissection. Emboli can lead to strokes and mesenteric ischemia. These patients have complex medical histories, and skilled perioperative management is critical to achieving the best clinical outcomes. Here, we review the medical management of the most common complications in these patients including stroke, spinal cord ischemia, renal injury, retrograde dissections, aortoesophageal and aortobronchial fistulas, postimplantation syndrome, mesenteric ischemia, and endograft failure.

Subject

*Endovascular Procedures; *Postoperative Complications/diagnostic imaging/physiopathology/surgery; Aorta; Aortic Aneurysm; aortic syndrome; Blood Vessel Prosthesis Implantation; complications; Coronary Angiography; Embolism; endograft; endovascular; Endovascular Procedures; Equipment Failure/*statistics & numerical data; Fistula; Humans; Ischemia; Kidney – Injuries; medical management; Mesenteric Ischemia; Perioperative Care; Postoperative Complications – Therapy; Practice Guidelines as Topic; Retrospective Studies; Spinal Cord – Pathology; Spinal Cord Ischemia/diagnostic imaging/*etiology; stent graft; Stents; Stroke; Thoracic – Surgery; thoracic aorta; Thoracic/physiopathology/*surgery; Treatment Outcome

Rights

Article information provided for research and reference use only. All rights are retained by the journal listed under publisher and/or the creator(s).

Pages

394–406

Issue

7

Volume

33

Citation

Sattah Anna P; Secrist Michael H; Sarin Shawn, “Complications and Perioperative Management of Patients Undergoing Thoracic Endovascular Aortic Repair.,” NEOMED Bibliography Database, accessed October 24, 2021, https://neomed.omeka.net/items/show/4801.

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