Using established predictors of post-traumatic stress to explain variations in recovery outcomes among orthopedic patients.

Title

Using established predictors of post-traumatic stress to explain variations in recovery outcomes among orthopedic patients.

Creator

Cremeans-Smith Julie K; Contrera Kevin; Speering Leann; Miller Eric T; Pfefferle Kiel; Greene Kenneth; Delahanty Douglas L

Publisher

Journal of Health Psychology

Date

2015
2015-10

Description

The present studies examine whether information contained in medical records can be used to predict outcomes following two orthopedic procedures: repair of hip fracture and total knee replacement. Study 1 reports the acute, in-hospital recovery data from the medical records of 119 hip fracture patients. Study 2 is a prospective, longitudinal investigation of 3-month postoperative recovery of 110 total knee replacement patients. Patients characterized by a greater number of post-traumatic stress risk factors experienced poorer outcomes following orthopedic surgery. Our results suggest that patients at risk for negative outcomes can be identified by information readily available to medical personnel.

Subject

*Recovery of Function; 80 and over; 80 and Over; activity; Adult; adults; Aged; Arthroplasty; Clinical Assessment Tools; Coefficient Alpha; Comorbidity; Depression; Descriptive Statistics; disability; Disabled; distress; Female; Funding Source; health care; Hip Fractures – Surgery; Hip/*psychology; Human; Humans; Knee; Knee/*psychology; Male; Middle Age; Middle Aged; Ohio; Orthopedic Surgery; outcomes; P-Value; Pain; Pain Measurement; Post-Traumatic – Risk Factors; Post-Traumatic/*etiology; Prospective Studies; Record Review; Recovery; Regression; Regression Analysis; Replacement; Risk Assessment; Scales; Stress Disorders; T-Tests; Treatment Outcomes; Walking

Rights

Article information provided for research and reference use only. All rights are retained by the journal listed under publisher and/or the creator(s).

Pages

1296–1304

Issue

10

Volume

20

Citation

Cremeans-Smith Julie K; Contrera Kevin; Speering Leann; Miller Eric T; Pfefferle Kiel; Greene Kenneth; Delahanty Douglas L, “Using established predictors of post-traumatic stress to explain variations in recovery outcomes among orthopedic patients.,” NEOMED Bibliography Database, accessed August 1, 2021, https://neomed.omeka.net/items/show/4816.

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