Delayed intracranial hemorrhage in elderly anticoagulated patients sustaining a minor fall.

Title

Delayed intracranial hemorrhage in elderly anticoagulated patients sustaining a minor fall.

Creator

Mann Nolan; Welch Kellen; Martin Andrew; Subichin Michael; Wietecha Katherine; Birmingham Lauren E; Marchand Tiffany D; George Richard L

Publisher

BMC emergency medicine

Date

2018
2018-08

Description

BACKGROUND: Falls are a common cause of hospitalization, morbidity, and mortality among the elderly in the United States. Evidence-based imaging recommendations for evaluation of delayed intracranial hemorrhage (DICH) are not generally agreed upon. The purpose of this project was to evaluate the incidence of DICH detected by head computer tomography (CT) among an elderly population on pre-injury anticoagulant or antiplatelet (ACAP) therapy. METHODS: Data from a Level 1 Trauma Center trauma registry was used to assess the incidence of DICH in an elderly population of patients (\textgreater/=65 years) who sustained a minor fall while on pre-injury ACAP medications. Counts and percentages are reported. RESULTS: Data on 1076 elderly trauma patients were downloaded, of which 838 sustained a minor fall and 513 were found to be using a pre-injury ACAP medication. One patient (0.46%) with a DICH was identified out of 218 patients who received a routine repeat head CT. Aspirin and warfarin were the most common pre-injury ACAP medications and 19.27% (42/218) of patients were found to be using multiple ACAP medications. CONCLUSIONS: Universal screening protocols promote immediate-term patient safety, but do so at a great expense with respect to health expenditures and increased radiation exposure. This analysis highlights the need for an effective risk assessment tool for DICH that would reduce the burden of unnecessary screenings while still identifying life-threatening intracranial hemorrhages in affected patients.

Subject

*Delayed intracranial hemorrhage; *Elderly; *Fall; *Head injury; *Intracranial hemorrhage; 80 and over; Accidental Falls/*statistics & numerical data; Aged; Anticoagulants/administration & dosage/*adverse effects; Combination; Drug Therapy; Female; Humans; Intracranial Hemorrhages/diagnostic imaging/*etiology; Male; Platelet Aggregation Inhibitors/administration & dosage/*adverse effects; Retrospective Studies; Tomography; X-Ray Computed

Rights

Article information provided for research and reference use only. All rights are retained by the journal listed under publisher and/or the creator(s).

Pages

27–27

Issue

1

Volume

18

Citation

Mann Nolan; Welch Kellen; Martin Andrew; Subichin Michael; Wietecha Katherine; Birmingham Lauren E; Marchand Tiffany D; George Richard L, “Delayed intracranial hemorrhage in elderly anticoagulated patients sustaining a minor fall.,” NEOMED Bibliography Database, accessed June 20, 2021, https://neomed.omeka.net/items/show/4850.

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