Anthracobunids from the middle eocene of India and pakistan are stem perissodactyls.

Title

Anthracobunids from the middle eocene of India and pakistan are stem perissodactyls.

Creator

Cooper Lisa Noelle; Seiffert Erik R; Clementz Mark; Madar Sandra I; Bajpai Sunil; Hussain S Taseer; Thewissen J G M

Publisher

PloS one

Date

2014
1905-7

Description

Anthracobunidae is an Eocene family of large mammals from south Asia that is commonly considered to be part of the radiation that gave rise to elephants (proboscideans) and sea cows (sirenians). We describe a new collection of anthracobunid fossils from Middle Eocene rocks of Indo-Pakistan that more than doubles the number of known anthracobunid fossils and challenges their putative relationships, instead implying that they are stem perissodactyls. Cranial, dental, and postcranial elements allow a revision of species and the recognition of a new anthracobunid genus. Analyses of stable isotopes and long bone geometry together suggest that most anthracobunids fed on land, but spent a considerable amount of time near water. This new evidence expands our understanding of stem perissodactyl diversity and sheds new light on perissodactyl origins.

Subject

Animals; *Fossils; India; Dugong; Elephants; Pakistan

Rights

Article information provided for research and reference use only. All rights are retained by the journal listed under publisher and/or the creator(s).

Pages

e109232–e109232

Issue

10

Volume

9

Citation

Cooper Lisa Noelle; Seiffert Erik R; Clementz Mark; Madar Sandra I; Bajpai Sunil; Hussain S Taseer; Thewissen J G M, “Anthracobunids from the middle eocene of India and pakistan are stem perissodactyls.,” NEOMED Bibliography Database, accessed May 17, 2021, https://neomed.omeka.net/items/show/4950.

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