MiR-21 enhances melanoma invasiveness via inhibition of tissue inhibitor of metalloproteinases 3 expression: in vivo effects of MiR-21 inhibitor.

Title

MiR-21 enhances melanoma invasiveness via inhibition of tissue inhibitor of metalloproteinases 3 expression: in vivo effects of MiR-21 inhibitor.

Creator

Martin del Campo Sara E; Latchana Nicholas; Levine Kala M; Grignol Valerie P; Fairchild Ene T; Jaime-Ramirez Alena Cristina; Dao Thao-Vi; Karpa Volodymyr I; Carson Mary; Ganju Akaansha; Chan Anthony N; Carson William E 3rd

Publisher

PloS one

Date

2015
2015

Description

Metastatic melanoma is the most aggressive form of this cancer. It is important to understand factors that increase or decrease metastatic activity in order to more effectively research and implement treatments for melanoma. Increased cell invasion through the extracellular matrix is required for metastasis and is enhanced by matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs). Tissue inhibitor of metalloproteinases 3 (TIMP3) inhibits MMP activity. It was previously shown by our group that miR-21, a potential regulator of TIMP3, is over-expressed in cutaneous melanoma. It was therefore hypothesized that increased levels of miR-21 expression would lead to decreased expression of TIMP3 and thereby enhance the invasiveness of melanoma cells. miR-21 over-expression in the melanoma cell lines WM1552c, WM793b, A375 and MEL 39 was accomplished via transfection with pre-miR-21. Immunoblot analysis of miR-21-overexpressing cell lines revealed reduced expression of TIMP3 as compared to controls. This in turn led to a significant increase in the invasiveness of the radial growth phase cell line WM1552c and the vertical growth phase cell line WM793b (p \textless 0.05), but not in the metastatic cell lines A375 or MEL 39. The proliferation and migration of miR-21 over-expressing cell lines was not affected. Reduced expression of TIMP3 was achieved by siRNA knockdown and significantly enhanced invasion of melanoma cell lines, mimicking the effects of miR-21 over-expression. Treatment of tumor cells with a linked nucleic acid antagomir to miR-21 inhibited tumor growth and increased tumor expression of TIMP3 in vivo in 01B74 Athymic NCr-nu/nu mice. Intra-tumoral injections of anti-miR-21 produced similar effects. This data shows that increased expression of miR-21 enhanced the invasive potential of melanoma cell lines through TIMP3 inhibition. Therefore, inhibition of miR-21 in melanoma may reduce melanoma invasiveness.

Subject

Humans; Gene Expression Regulation; Cell Line; MicroRNAs/*genetics/metabolism; Cell Movement/genetics; Cell Proliferation/genetics; Melanoma/*genetics/metabolism/pathology; Neoplasm Invasiveness/*genetics/pathology; Skin Neoplasms/*genetics/metabolism/pathology; Tissue Inhibitor of Metalloproteinase-3/*genetics/metabolism; RNA; Tumor; Neoplastic; Small Interfering

Rights

Article information provided for research and reference use only. All rights are retained by the journal listed under publisher and/or the creator(s).

Pages

e0115919–e0115919

Issue

1

Volume

10

Citation

Martin del Campo Sara E; Latchana Nicholas; Levine Kala M; Grignol Valerie P; Fairchild Ene T; Jaime-Ramirez Alena Cristina; Dao Thao-Vi; Karpa Volodymyr I; Carson Mary; Ganju Akaansha; Chan Anthony N; Carson William E 3rd, “MiR-21 enhances melanoma invasiveness via inhibition of tissue inhibitor of metalloproteinases 3 expression: in vivo effects of MiR-21 inhibitor.,” NEOMED Bibliography Database, accessed October 24, 2021, https://neomed.omeka.net/items/show/4953.

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