Brief Stimulus Exposure Fully Remediates Temporal Processing Deficits Induced by Early Hearing Loss.

Title

Brief Stimulus Exposure Fully Remediates Temporal Processing Deficits Induced by Early Hearing Loss.

Creator

Green David B; Mattingly Michelle M; Ye Yi; Gay Jennifer D; Rosen Merri J

Publisher

The Journal of neuroscience : the official journal of the Society for Neuroscience

Date

2017
2017-08

Description

In childhood, partial hearing loss can produce prolonged deficits in speech perception and temporal processing. However, early therapeutic interventions targeting temporal processing may improve later speech-related outcomes. Gap detection is a measure of auditory temporal resolution that relies on the auditory cortex (ACx), and early auditory deprivation alters intrinsic and synaptic properties in the ACx. Thus, early deprivation should induce deficits in gap detection, which should be reflected in ACx gap sensitivity. We tested whether earplugging-induced, early transient auditory deprivation in male and female Mongolian gerbils caused correlated deficits in behavioral and cortical gap detection, and whether these could be rescued by a novel therapeutic approach: brief exposure to gaps in background noise. Two weeks after earplug removal, animals that had been earplugged from hearing onset throughout auditory critical periods displayed impaired behavioral gap detection thresholds (GDTs), but this deficit was fully reversed by three 1 h sessions of exposure to gaps in noise. In parallel, after earplugging, cortical GDTs increased because fewer cells were sensitive to short gaps, and gap exposure normalized this pattern. Furthermore, in deprived animals, both first-spike latency and first-spike latency jitter increased, while spontaneous and evoked firing rates decreased, suggesting that deprivation causes a wider range of perceptual problems than measured here. These cortical changes all returned to control levels after gap exposure. Thus, brief stimulus exposure, perhaps in a salient context such as the unfamiliar placement into a testing apparatus, rescued impaired gap detection and may have potential as a remediation tool for general auditory processing deficits.SIGNIFICANCE STATEMENT Hearing loss in early childhood leads to impairments in auditory perception and language processing that can last well beyond the restoration of hearing sensitivity. Perceptual deficits can be improved by training, or by acoustic enrichment in animal models, but both approaches involve extended time and effort. Here, we used a novel remediation technique, brief periods of auditory stimulus exposure, to fully remediate cortical and perceptual deficits in gap detection induced by early transient hearing loss. This technique also improved multiple cortical response properties. Rescue by this efficient exposure regime may have potential as a therapeutic tool to remediate general auditory processing deficits in children with perceptual challenges arising from early hearing loss.

Subject

Female; Male; Animals; Age Factors; *auditory cortex; *development; *gap detection; *hearing loss; *remediation; *temporal coding; Acoustic Stimulation/*methods; Auditory Cortex/*physiology/*physiopathology; Auditory Perception/*physiology; Gerbillinae; Hearing Loss/*physiopathology; Brain Stem/*physiology; Evoked Potentials; Auditory

Rights

Article information provided for research and reference use only. All rights are retained by the journal listed under publisher and/or the creator(s).

Pages

7759–7771

Issue

32

Volume

37

Citation

Green David B; Mattingly Michelle M; Ye Yi; Gay Jennifer D; Rosen Merri J, “Brief Stimulus Exposure Fully Remediates Temporal Processing Deficits Induced by Early Hearing Loss.,” NEOMED Bibliography Database, accessed June 23, 2021, https://neomed.omeka.net/items/show/4995.

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