A class of genes in the HER2 regulon that is poised for transcription in breast cancer cell lines and expressed in human breast tumors.

Title

A class of genes in the HER2 regulon that is poised for transcription in breast cancer cell lines and expressed in human breast tumors.

Creator

Rahmatpanah Farah B; Jia Zhenyu; Chen Xin; Char Jessica E; Men Bozhao; Franke Anna-Clara; Jones Frank E; McClelland Michael; Mercola Dan

Publisher

Oncotarget

Date

2015
2015-01

Description

HER2-positive breast cancer accounts for 25% of all cases and has a poor prognosis. Although progress has been made in understanding signal transduction, little is known of how HER2 achieves gene regulation. We performed whole genome expression analysis on a HER2(+) and HER2(-) breast cancer cell lines and compared these results to expression in 812 primary tumors stratified by their HER2 expression level. Chip-on-chip with anti-RNA polymerase II was compared among breast cancer cell lines to identify genes that are potentially activated by HER2. The expression levels of these HER2-dependent POL II binding genes were determined for the 812 HER2+/- breast cancer tissues. Genes differentially expressed between HER2+/- cell lines were generally regulated in the same direction as in breast cancer tissues. We identified genes that had POLII binding in HER2(+) cell lines, but without significant gene expression. Of 737 such genes "poised" for expression in cell lines, 113 genes were significantly differentially expressed in breast tumors in a HER2-dependent manner. Pathway analysis of these 113 genes revealed that a large group of genes were associated with stem cell and progenitor cell control as indicated by networks centered on NANOG, SOX2, OCT3/4. HER2 directs POL II binding to a large number of genes in breast cancer cells. A "poised" class of genes in HER2(+) cell lines with POLII binding and low RNA expression but is differentially expressed in primary tumors, strongly suggests a role of the microenvironment and further suggests a role for stem cells proliferation in HER2-regulated breast cancer tissue.

Subject

Humans; Cell Line; *Gene Expression Regulation; Reverse Transcriptase Polymerase Chain Reaction; *Gene Expression Profiling; Breast Neoplasms/genetics/pathology; Gene Regulatory Networks; Homeodomain Proteins/genetics/metabolism; MCF-7 Cells; Nanog Homeobox Protein; Neoplastic Stem Cells/metabolism; Octamer Transcription Factor-3/genetics/metabolism; Regulon/*genetics; RNA Polymerase II/metabolism; SOXB1 Transcription Factors/genetics/metabolism; Tumor Microenvironment/genetics; Receptor; Blotting; Western; Tumor; Neoplastic; ErbB-2/*genetics/metabolism

Rights

Article information provided for research and reference use only. All rights are retained by the journal listed under publisher and/or the creator(s).

Pages

1286–1301

Issue

2

Volume

6

Citation

Rahmatpanah Farah B; Jia Zhenyu; Chen Xin; Char Jessica E; Men Bozhao; Franke Anna-Clara; Jones Frank E; McClelland Michael; Mercola Dan, “A class of genes in the HER2 regulon that is poised for transcription in breast cancer cell lines and expressed in human breast tumors.,” NEOMED Bibliography Database, accessed October 25, 2021, https://neomed.omeka.net/items/show/5032.

Social Bookmarking