TRPV4 channels regulate tumor angiogenesis via modulation of Rho/Rho kinase pathway.

Title

TRPV4 channels regulate tumor angiogenesis via modulation of Rho/Rho kinase pathway.

Creator

Thoppil Roslin J; Cappelli Holly C; Adapala Ravi K; Kanugula Anantha K; Paruchuri Sailaja; Thodeti Charles K

Publisher

Oncotarget

Date

2016
2016-05

Description

Targeting angiogenesis is considered a promising therapy for cancer. Besides curtailing soluble factor mediated tumor angiogenesis, understanding the unexplored regulation of angiogenesis by mechanical cues may lead to the identification of novel therapeutic targets. We have recently shown that expression and activity of mechanosensitive ion channel transient receptor potential vanilloid 4 (TRPV4) is suppressed in tumor endothelial cells and restoring TRPV4 expression or activation induces vascular normalization and improves cancer therapy. However, the molecular mechanism(s) by which TRPV4 modulates angiogenesis are still in their infancy. To explore how TRPV4 regulates angiogenesis, we have employed TRPV4 null endothelial cells (TRPV4KO EC) and TRPV4KO mice. We found that absence of TRPV4 (TRPV4KO EC) resulted in a significant increase in proliferation, migration, and abnormal tube formation in vitro when compared to WT EC. Concomitantly, sprouting angiogenesis ex vivo and vascular growth in vivo was enhanced in TRPV4KO mice. Mechanistically, we observed that loss of TRPV4 leads to a significant increase in basal Rho activity in TRPV4KO EC that corresponded to their aberrant mechanosensitivity on varying stiffness ECM gels. Importantly, pharmacological inhibition of the Rho/Rho kinase pathway by Y-27632 normalized abnormal mechanosensitivity and angiogenesis exhibited by TRPV4KO EC in vitro. Finally, Y-27632 treatment increased pericyte coverage and in conjunction with Cisplatin, significantly reduced tumor growth in TRPV4KO mice. Taken together, these data suggest that TRPV4 regulates angiogenesis endogenously via modulation of EC mechanosensitivity through the Rho/Rho kinase pathway and can serve as a potential therapeutic target for cancer therapy.

Subject

Animals; Mice; TRPV4; endothelial cell; Cell Movement/physiology; Endothelial Cells/metabolism/pathology; mechanotransduction; rho-Associated Kinases/*metabolism; Rho/Rho kinase; TRPV Cation Channels/*metabolism; tumor angiogenesis; Carcinoma; Inbred C57BL; Knockout; Neovascularization; Lewis Lung/metabolism/*pathology; Pathologic/*metabolism/pathology

Rights

Article information provided for research and reference use only. All rights are retained by the journal listed under publisher and/or the creator(s).

Pages

25849–25861

Issue

18

Volume

7

Citation

Thoppil Roslin J; Cappelli Holly C; Adapala Ravi K; Kanugula Anantha K; Paruchuri Sailaja; Thodeti Charles K, “TRPV4 channels regulate tumor angiogenesis via modulation of Rho/Rho kinase pathway.,” NEOMED Bibliography Database, accessed January 25, 2021, https://neomed.omeka.net/items/show/5036.

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