Effect of antibiotic, probiotic, and human rotavirus infection on colonisation dynamics of defined commensal microbiota in a gnotobiotic pig model.

Title

Effect of antibiotic, probiotic, and human rotavirus infection on colonisation dynamics of defined commensal microbiota in a gnotobiotic pig model.

Creator

Huang H-C; Vlasova A N; Kumar A; Kandasamy S; Fischer D D; Deblais L; Paim F C; Langel S N; Alhamo M A; Rauf A; Shao L; Saif L J; Rajashekara G

Publisher

Beneficial microbes

Date

2018
2018-01

Description

We developed a gnotobiotic (Gn) pig model colonised with defined commensal microbiota (DMF) to provide a simplified and controlled system to study the interactions between intestinal commensals, antibiotics (ciprofloxacin, CIP), probiotics (Escherichia coli Nissle 1917, EcN) and virulent human rotavirus (VirHRV). The DMF included seven gut commensal species of porcine origin that mimic the predominant species in the infant gut. Gn piglets were divided into four groups: DMF control (non-treated), DMF+CIP (CIP treated), DMF+CIP+EcN (CIP/EcN treated), DMF+EcN (EcN treated) and inoculated orally with 10(5) cfu of each DMF strain. The pig gut was successfully colonised by all DMF species and established a simplified bacterial community by post-bacteria colonisation day (PBCD) 14/post-VirHRV challenge day (PCD) 0. Overall, Bifidobacterium adolescentis was commonly observed in faeces in all groups and time points. At PCD0, after six days of CIP treatment (DMF+CIP), we observed significantly decreased aerobic and anaerobic bacteria counts especially in jejunum (P\textless0.001), where no DMF species were detected in jejunum by T-RFLP. Following HRV challenge, 100% of pigs in DMF+CIP group developed diarrhoea with higher diarrhoea scores and duration as compared to all other groups. However, only 33% of pigs treated with EcN plus CIP developed diarrhoea. EcN treatment also enhanced the bacterial diversity and all seven DMF species were detected with a higher proportion of Bifidobacterium longum in jejunum in the DMF+CIP+EcN group on PBCD14/PCD0. Our results suggest that EcN increased the proportion of B. longum especially in jejunum and mitigated adverse impacts of antibiotic use during acute-infectious diarrhoea. The DMF model with a simplified gut commensal community can further our knowledge of how commensals and probiotics promote intestinal homeostasis and contribute to host health.

Subject

Animals; Severity of Illness Index; gut microbiota; *Germ-Free Life; Anti-Bacterial Agents/administration & dosage; Bifidobacterium longum/drug effects; Biodiversity; ciprofloxacin; Ciprofloxacin/administration & dosage/*pharmacology; Diarrhea/microbiology/physiopathology; Escherichia coli Nissle; Escherichia coli/*growth & development; Feces/microbiology; gnotobiotic pigs; Intestines/*drug effects/microbiology/pathology/physiopathology; Microbiota/*drug effects/physiology; Probiotics/administration & dosage/*pharmacology; rotavirus; Rotavirus Infections/*microbiology/physiopathology/virology; Swine; Virus Shedding/drug effects; Biological; Models; Microbial; Colony Count

Identifier

Rights

Article information provided for research and reference use only. All rights are retained by the journal listed under publisher and/or the creator(s).

Pages

71–86

Issue

1

Volume

9

Citation

Huang H-C; Vlasova A N; Kumar A; Kandasamy S; Fischer D D; Deblais L; Paim F C; Langel S N; Alhamo M A; Rauf A; Shao L; Saif L J; Rajashekara G, “Effect of antibiotic, probiotic, and human rotavirus infection on colonisation dynamics of defined commensal microbiota in a gnotobiotic pig model.,” NEOMED Bibliography Database, accessed June 12, 2021, https://neomed.omeka.net/items/show/5192.

Social Bookmarking