Terpenoids as potential chemopreventive and therapeutic agents in liver cancer.


Terpenoids as potential chemopreventive and therapeutic agents in liver cancer.


Thoppil Roslin J; Bishayee Anupam


World journal of hepatology




Despite significant advances in medicine, liver cancer, predominantly hepatocellular carcinoma remains a major cause of death in the United States as well as the rest of the world. As limited treatment options are currently available to patients with liver cancer, novel preventive control and effective therapeutic approaches are considered to be reasonable and decisive measures to combat this disease. Several naturally occurring dietary and non-dietary phytochemicals have shown enormous potential in the prevention and treatment of several cancers, especially those of the gastrointestinal tract. Terpenoids, the largest group of phytochemicals, traditionally used for medicinal purposes in India and China, are currently being explored as anticancer agents in clinical trials. Terpenoids (also called "isoprenoids") are secondary metabolites occurring in most organisms, particularly plants. More than 40 000 individual terpenoids are known to exist in nature with new compounds being discovered every year. A large number of terpenoids exhibit cytotoxicity against a variety of tumor cells and cancer preventive as well as anticancer efficacy in preclinical animal models. This review critically examines the potential role of naturally occurring terpenoids, from diverse origins, in the chemoprevention and treatment of liver tumors. Both in vitro and in vivo effects of these agents and related cellular and molecular mechanisms are highlighted. Potential challenges and future directions involved in the advancement of these promising natural compounds in the chemoprevention and therapy of human liver cancer are also discussed.


Apoptosis; Chemoprevention; Treatment; Cell cycle; Hepatocarcinogenesis; Hepatocellular carcinoma; Liver cancer cells; Terpenoids


Article information provided for research and reference use only. All rights are retained by the journal listed under publisher and/or the creator(s).








Thoppil Roslin J; Bishayee Anupam, “Terpenoids as potential chemopreventive and therapeutic agents in liver cancer.,” NEOMED Bibliography Database, accessed May 20, 2022, https://neomed.omeka.net/items/show/5234.

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