Gender differences in neurotoxicity of the nigrostriatal dopaminergic system: implications for Parkinson's disease.

Title

Gender differences in neurotoxicity of the nigrostriatal dopaminergic system: implications for Parkinson's disease.

Creator

Dluzen D E; McDermott J L

Publisher

The journal of gender-specific medicine : JGSM : the official journal of the Partnership for Women's Health at Columbia

Date

2000
2000-10

Description

This article describes the progression of steps followed to demonstrate a gender difference associated with Parkinson's disease (PD) and to gain an understanding of the basis, mechanisms, and implications of this gender specificity. First, a review of the literature on PD shows a greater incidence in men. Next, data are presented from a series of laboratory studies in animal models of PD that suggest a basis for this gender difference: estrogen appears to act as a neuroprotectant of the striatal dopaminergic system. One mechanism for this effect may be that estrogen inhibits the uptake of neurotoxins capable of producing degeneration within dopaminergic neurons. Finally, some of the potential neurologic implications of manipulating estrogen in premenopausal and postmenopausal women are considered.

Subject

Female; Humans; Male; Sex Factors; Sex Distribution; Estrogens/*pharmacology; Dopamine/metabolism; Postmenopause; Corpus Striatum/pathology/*physiopathology; Neurotoxins/*antagonists & inhibitors; Parkinson Disease/metabolism/pathology/*physiopathology; Substantia Nigra/pathology/*physiopathology; Animal; Disease Models

Rights

Article information provided for research and reference use only. All rights are retained by the journal listed under publisher and/or the creator(s).

Pages

36–42

Issue

6

Volume

3

Citation

Dluzen D E; McDermott J L, “Gender differences in neurotoxicity of the nigrostriatal dopaminergic system: implications for Parkinson's disease.,” NEOMED Bibliography Database, accessed September 20, 2021, https://neomed.omeka.net/items/show/5375.

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