[Clues to recognition of kidney disease in archaeologic record: characteristics and occurrence of leontiasis ossium].

Title

[Clues to recognition of kidney disease in archaeologic record: characteristics and occurrence of leontiasis ossium].

Creator

Rothschild C; Rothschild B; Hershkovitz I

Publisher

Reumatismo

Date

2002
2002-06

Description

The possible osseous effect of kidney dysfunction was evaluated in a modern skeletal population for future use in assessment of archaeologic samples. Frequency and distribution on the bones of cysts, articular surface alterations, subperiosteal resorption, porosity, osteochondritis, digital tuft alteration and periosteal reaction were recorded in 94 individuals with known kidney failure in the Hamann-Todd collection. Independent radiologic analysis was also pursued. The results were compared with a control sample. The pattern of joint surface alteration and periosteal reaction may facilitate recognition of chronic renal disease in the osseous record. Subtle manifestations of leontiasis ossium are present in the form of cranial thickening and increased cranial size and weight, but teeth spacing are rare. Pseudo osteomatous lesions are common. This study perhaps explains the apparent rarity of actual leontiasis ossium.

Subject

Female; Humans; Male; Middle Aged; Aged; Radiography; *Paleopathology; Bone and Bones/diagnostic imaging/*pathology; Arthritis/diagnosis/pathology; Bone Diseases/*diagnosis/pathology; Bone Resorption/diagnosis/pathology; Cephalometry; Chronic Kidney Disease-Mineral and Bone Disorder/diagnosis/pathology; Hyperostosis Frontalis Interna/*diagnosis/pathology; Kidney Diseases/*diagnosis/pathology; Osteochondritis/diagnosis/pathology; Osteomalacia/diagnostic imaging/pathology; Skull/diagnostic imaging/*pathology; Bone Diseases; Hyperparathyroidism; Metabolic/diagnostic imaging; Secondary/diagnosis/pathology

Rights

Article information provided for research and reference use only. All rights are retained by the journal listed under publisher and/or the creator(s).

Pages

133–143

Issue

2

Volume

54

Citation

Rothschild C; Rothschild B; Hershkovitz I, “[Clues to recognition of kidney disease in archaeologic record: characteristics and occurrence of leontiasis ossium].,” NEOMED Bibliography Database, accessed September 22, 2021, https://neomed.omeka.net/items/show/5591.

Social Bookmarking