Effects of early nightmares on the development of sleep disturbances in motor vehicle accident victims.

Title

Effects of early nightmares on the development of sleep disturbances in motor vehicle accident victims.

Creator

Kobayashi Ihori; Sledjeski Eve M; Spoonster Eileen; Fallon Jr William F; Delahanty Douglas L

Publisher

Journal of Traumatic Stress

Date

2008
2008-12

Description

The present study prospectively examined the extent to which trauma-related nightmares affected the subsequent development of insomnia symptoms in 314 motor vehicle accident (MVA) victims. Participants were assessed in-hospital and at 2 weeks, 6 weeks, 3 months, and 1 year post-MVA. Hierarchical linear regression analyses showed that 6-week PTSD symptoms (PTSS) and 3-month nightmares, but not 2-week nightmares were positively associated with sleep onset and maintenance problems reported at 3-month post-MVA. Nightmares reported at 3-months post-MVA were positively associated with 1-year sleep maintenance problems. These findings highlight the dynamic relationship between PTSS and sleep problems as well as the potential importance of early intervention for trauma-related nightmares as a means to prevent sleep problems after a traumatic experience. [ABSTRACT FROM AUTHOR]

Subject

POST-traumatic stress disorder; REGRESSION analysis; PSYCHOLOGY; EMOTIONAL trauma; INSOMNIA; MULTILEVEL models; NIGHTMARES; SLEEP disorders treatment; TRAFFIC accident victims – Psychology

Identifier

Rights

Article information provided for research and reference use only. All rights are retained by the journal listed under publisher and/or the creator(s).

Pages

548–555

Issue

6

Volume

21

Citation

Kobayashi Ihori; Sledjeski Eve M; Spoonster Eileen; Fallon Jr William F; Delahanty Douglas L, “Effects of early nightmares on the development of sleep disturbances in motor vehicle accident victims.,” NEOMED Bibliography Database, accessed June 16, 2021, https://neomed.omeka.net/items/show/5749.

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