Acute kidney injury (AKI) in paediatric critical care.

Title

Acute kidney injury (AKI) in paediatric critical care.

Creator

Raina Rupesh; Chauvin Abigail; Deep Akash

Publisher

Paediatrics & Child Health

Date

2017
2017-05

Description

Incidence of acute kidney injury (AKI) is gradually increasing in children admitted to critical care units partly because of increased awareness of this entity. Though serum creatinine has been used in most definitions, its inability to accurately reflect kidney function has resulted in problems for clinical research in paediatric AKI. This has resulted in the use of more than 35 definitions of AKI in clinical studies, ranging from small changes in serum creatinine to requirement for dialysis. Therefore, comparisons among studies are difficult, resulting in a wide range of quoted epidemiology, morbidity, and mortality rates in the AKI paediatric literature. Acute kidney injury may be precipitated by critical illness, pre-existing medical conditions, and treatments received both before and during ICU admission. In this review we have attempted to outline the current definitions used for AKI, presence of AKI in various critical care conditions (bone marrow transplant, liver, sepsis, cardiac, primary renal conditions leading to glomerulonephritis) and outline the basic management.

Subject

Dialysis; Child; Intensive Care Units; Kidney Function Tests; Pediatric; Kidney Failure; Creatinine; Acute – In Infancy and Childhood; Critical Care – In Infancy and Childhood

Rights

Article information provided for research and reference use only. All rights are retained by the journal listed under publisher and/or the creator(s).

Pages

233–237

Issue

5

Volume

27

Citation

Raina Rupesh; Chauvin Abigail; Deep Akash, “Acute kidney injury (AKI) in paediatric critical care.,” NEOMED Bibliography Database, accessed April 12, 2021, https://neomed.omeka.net/items/show/5827.

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