Home-based Cognitive Prehabilitation in Older Surgical Patients: A Feasibility Study.

Title

Home-based Cognitive Prehabilitation in Older Surgical Patients: A Feasibility Study.

Creator

Vlisides Phillip E; Das Abhijit R; Thompson Allie M; Kunkler Bryan; Zierau Mackenzie; Cantley Michael J; McKinney Amy M; Giordani Bruno

Publisher

Journal of neurosurgical anesthesiology

Date

2019
2019-04

Description

BACKGROUND: Cognitive training is beneficial in various clinical settings, although its perioperative feasibility and impact remain unknown. The objective of this pilot study was to determine the feasibility of home-based cognitive prehabilitation before major surgery in older adults. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Sixty-one patients were enrolled, randomized, and allocated to either a home-based preoperative cognitive training regimen or no training before surgery. Outcomes included postoperative delirium incidence (primary outcome; assessed with the 3D-Confusion Assessment Method), perioperative cognitive function based on NIH Toolbox measures, hospital length of stay, and physical therapy session participation. Reasons for declining enrollment were reported, as were reasons for opting out of the training program. RESULTS: Postoperative delirium incidence was 6 of 23 (26%) in the prehabilitation group compared with 5 of 29 (17%) in the control group (P=0.507). There were no significant differences between groups in NIH Toolbox cognitive function scoring, hospital length of stay, or physical therapy participation rates. Study feasibility data were also collected and reported. The most common reasons for declining enrollment were lack of computer access (n=19), time commitment (n=9), and feeling overwhelmed (n=9). In the training group, only 5 of 29 (17%) included patients were able to complete the prescribed 7 days of training, and 14 of 29 (48%) opted out of training once home. Most common reasons were feeling overwhelmed (n=4) and computer difficulties (n=3). CONCLUSIONS: Short-term, home-based cognitive training before surgery is unlikely to be feasible for many older patients. Barriers to training include feeling overwhelmed, technical issues with training, and preoperative time commitment.

Rights

Article information provided for research and reference use only. All rights are retained by the journal listed under publisher and/or the creator(s).

Pages

212-217

Issue

2

Volume

31

NEOMED College

NEOMED College of Medicine

NEOMED Department

NEOMED Student Publications

Citation

Vlisides Phillip E; Das Abhijit R; Thompson Allie M; Kunkler Bryan; Zierau Mackenzie; Cantley Michael J; McKinney Amy M; Giordani Bruno, “Home-based Cognitive Prehabilitation in Older Surgical Patients: A Feasibility Study.,” NEOMED Bibliography Database, accessed March 3, 2021, https://neomed.omeka.net/items/show/6297.

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