Role of Lipoprotein Apheresis in Cardiovascular Disease Risk Reduction.

Title

Role of Lipoprotein Apheresis in Cardiovascular Disease Risk Reduction.

Creator

Raina Rupesh; Young Claire; Krishnappa Vinod; Chanchlani Rahul

Publisher

Blood purification

Date

2019
2019-02

Description

BACKGROUND AND AIM: Elevated low-density lipoprotein cholesterol and/or lipoprotein(a) are established risk factors for cardiovascular disease (CVD). Management of hypercholesterolemia consists of drug therapies, including statins and proprotein convertase subtilisin/kexin type 9 inhibitors. In patients with familial hypercholesterolemia (FH), lipoprotein apheresis (LA) is utilized to control lipid levels. However, LA is not currently a standard therapy for non-FH. This review summarizes the literature regarding LA therapy in CVD prevention. METHODS: PubMed/MEDLINE databases were searched using the keywords "LA" and "CVD". Citations were individually reviewed for relevance. RESULTS: The efficacy of LA was clearly demonstrated, largely based on evidence from observational studies. In patients who are unresponsive to traditional lipid-lowering medications, LA effectively reduced serum lipoprotein levels and adverse cardiovascular events. CONCLUSION: It was concluded that LA is a safe and effective technique that could be considered in the management of hypercholesterolemia and future risk. Randomized control trials would further support a role for LA as a therapeutic option.

Subject

Cardiovascular disease; *Atherosclerosis; Lipoprotein apheresis; Lipoprotein(a); Low-density lipoprotein; Peripheral vascular disease

Identifier

Rights

Article information provided for research and reference use only. All rights are retained by the journal listed under publisher and/or the creator(s).

Pages

1-16

Citation

Raina Rupesh; Young Claire; Krishnappa Vinod; Chanchlani Rahul, “Role of Lipoprotein Apheresis in Cardiovascular Disease Risk Reduction.,” NEOMED Bibliography Database, accessed July 26, 2021, https://neomed.omeka.net/items/show/6307.

Social Bookmarking