Intra- and interreader reproducibility of PI-RADSv2: A multireader study

Title

Intra- and interreader reproducibility of PI-RADSv2: A multireader study

Creator

Smith Clayton P; Harmon Stephanie A; Barrett Tristan; Bittencourt Leonardo K; Law Yan Mee; Shebel Haytham; An Julie Y; Czarniecki Marcin; Mehralivand Sherif; Coskun Mehmet; Wood Bradford J; Pinto Peter A; Shih Joanna H; Choyke Peter L; Turkbey Baris

Publisher

Journal of magnetic resonance imaging: JMRI

Date

2019
2019-06

Description

BACKGROUND: The Prostate Imaging Reporting and Data System version 2 (PI-RADSv2) has been in use since 2015; while interreader reproducibility has been studied, there has been a paucity of studies investigating the intrareader reproducibility of PI-RADSv2. PURPOSE: To evaluate both intra- and interreader reproducibility of PI-RADSv2 in the assessment of intraprostatic lesions using multiparametric magnetic resonance imaging (mpMRI). STUDY TYPE: Retrospective. POPULATION/SUBJECTS: In all, 102 consecutive biopsy-naïve patients who underwent prostate MRI and subsequent MR/transrectal ultrasonography (MR/TRUS)-guided biopsy. FIELD STRENGTH/SEQUENCES: Prostate mpMRI at 3T using endorectal with phased array surface coils (TW MRI, DW MRI with ADC maps and b2000 DW MRI, DCE MRI). ASSESSMENT: Previously detected and biopsied lesions were scored by four readers from four different institutions using PI-RADSv2. Readers scored lesions during two readout rounds with a 4-week washout period. STATISTICAL TESTS: Kappa (κ) statistics and specific agreement (Po ) were calculated to quantify intra- and interreader reproducibility of PI-RADSv2 scoring. Lesion measurement agreement was calculated using the intraclass correlation coefficient (ICC). RESULTS: Overall intrareader reproducibility was moderate to substantial (κ = 0.43-0.67, Po = 0.60-0.77), while overall interreader reproducibility was poor to moderate (κ = 0.24, Po = 46). Readers with more experience showed greater interreader reproducibility than readers with intermediate experience in the whole prostate (P = 0.026) and peripheral zone (P = 0.002). Sequence-specific interreader agreement for all readers was similar to the overall PI-RADSv2 score, with κ = 0.24, 0.24, and 0.23 and Po = 0.47, 0.44, and 0.54 in T2 -weighted, diffusion-weighted imaging (DWI), and dynamic contrast-enhanced (DCE), respectively. Overall intrareader and interreader ICC for lesion measurement was 0.82 and 0.71, respectively. DATA CONCLUSION: PI-RADSv2 provides moderate intrareader reproducibility, poor interreader reproducibility, and moderate interreader lesion measurement reproducibility. These findings suggest a need for more standardized reader training in prostate MRI. LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: 2 Technical Efficacy: Stage 2.

Subject

MRI; PI-RADS; prostate cancer; reader reproducibility

Identifier

Rights

Article information provided for research and reference use only. All rights are retained by the journal listed under publisher and/or the creator(s).

Pages

1694-1703

Issue

6

Volume

49

Citation

Smith Clayton P; Harmon Stephanie A; Barrett Tristan; Bittencourt Leonardo K; Law Yan Mee; Shebel Haytham; An Julie Y; Czarniecki Marcin; Mehralivand Sherif; Coskun Mehmet; Wood Bradford J; Pinto Peter A; Shih Joanna H; Choyke Peter L; Turkbey Baris, “Intra- and interreader reproducibility of PI-RADSv2: A multireader study,” NEOMED Bibliography Database, accessed August 4, 2021, https://neomed.omeka.net/items/show/6337.

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