Do High-sensitivity Troponin and Natriuretic Peptide Predict Death or Serious Cardiac Outcomes After Syncope?

Title

Do High-sensitivity Troponin and Natriuretic Peptide Predict Death or Serious Cardiac Outcomes After Syncope?

Creator

Clark Carol L; Gibson Thomas A; Weiss Robert E; Yagapen Annick N; Malveau Susan E; Adler David H; Bastani Aveh; Baugh Christopher W; Caterino Jeffrey M; Diercks Deborah B; Hollander Judd E; Nicks Bret A; Nishijima Daniel K; Shah Manish N; Stiffler Kirk A; Storrow Alan B; Wilber Scott T; Sun Benjamin C

Publisher

Academic Emergency Medicine: Official Journal of the Society for Academic Emergency Medicine

Date

2019
2019-05

Description

OBJECTIVES: An estimated 1.2 million annual emergency department (ED) visits for syncope/near syncope occur in the United States. Cardiac biomarkers are frequently obtained during the ED evaluation, but the prognostic value of index high-sensitivity troponin (hscTnT) and natriuretic peptide (NT-proBNP) are unclear. The objective of this study was to determine if hscTnT and NT-proBNP drawn in the ED are independently associated with 30-day death/serious cardiac outcomes in adult patients presenting with syncope. METHODS: A prespecified secondary analysis of a prospective, observational trial enrolling participants ≥ age 60 presenting with syncope, at 11 United States hospitals, was conducted between April 2013 and September 2016. Exclusions included seizure, stroke, transient ischemic attack, trauma, intoxication, hypoglycemia, persistent confusion, mechanical/electrical invention, prior enrollment, or predicted poor follow-up. Within 3 hours of consent, hscTnT and NT-proBNP were collected and later analyzed centrally using Roche Elecsys Gen 5 STAT and 2010 Cobas, respectively. Primary outcome was combined 30-day all-cause mortality and serious cardiac events. Adjusting for illness severity, using multivariate logistic regression analysis, variations between primary outcome and biomarkers were estimated, adjusting absolute risk associated with ranges of biomarkers using Bayesian Markov Chain Monte Carlo methods. RESULTS: The cohort included 3,392 patients; 367 (10.8%) experienced the primary outcome. Adjusted absolute risk for the primary outcome increased with hscTnT and NT-proBNP levels. HscTnT levels ≤ 5 ng/L were associated with a 4% (95% confidence interval [CI] = 3%-5%) outcome risk, and hscTnT > 50 ng/L, a 29% (95% CI = 26%-33%) risk. NT-proBNP levels ≤ 125 ng/L were associated with a 4% (95% CI = 4%-5%) risk, and NT-proBNP > 2,000 ng/L a 29% (95% CI = 25%-32%) risk. Likelihood ratios and predictive values demonstrated similar results. Sensitivity analyses excluding ED index serious outcomes demonstrated similar findings. CONCLUSIONS: hscTnT and NT-proBNP are independent predictors of 30-day death and serious outcomes in older ED patients presenting with syncope.

Identifier

Rights

Article information provided for research and reference use only. All rights are retained by the journal listed under publisher and/or the creator(s).

Pages

528-538

Issue

5

Volume

26

Citation

Clark Carol L; Gibson Thomas A; Weiss Robert E; Yagapen Annick N; Malveau Susan E; Adler David H; Bastani Aveh; Baugh Christopher W; Caterino Jeffrey M; Diercks Deborah B; Hollander Judd E; Nicks Bret A; Nishijima Daniel K; Shah Manish N; Stiffler Kirk A; Storrow Alan B; Wilber Scott T; Sun Benjamin C, “Do High-sensitivity Troponin and Natriuretic Peptide Predict Death or Serious Cardiac Outcomes After Syncope?,” NEOMED Bibliography Database, accessed July 29, 2021, https://neomed.omeka.net/items/show/6371.

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