Angiotensin II enhances adenylyl cyclase signaling via Ca2+/calmodulin - G(q-)G(s) cross-talk regulates collagen production in cardiac fibroblasts

Title

Angiotensin II enhances adenylyl cyclase signaling via Ca2+/calmodulin - G(q-)G(s) cross-talk regulates collagen production in cardiac fibroblasts

Creator

Ostrom R S; Naugle J E; Hase M; Gregorian C; Swaney J S; Insel P A; Brunton L L; Meszaros J G

Publisher

Journal of Biological Chemistry

Date

2003
2003-07

Description

Cardiac fibroblasts regulate formation of extracellular matrix in the heart, playing key roles in cardiac remodeling and hypertrophy. In this study, we sought to characterize cross-talk between G(q) and G(s) signaling pathways and its impact on modulating collagen synthesis by cardiac fibroblasts. Angiotensin II (ANG II) activates cell proliferation and collagen synthesis but also potentiates cyclic AMP ( cAMP) production stimulated by beta-adrenergic receptors (beta-AR). The potentiation of beta-AR-stimulated cAMP production by ANG II is reduced by phospholipase C inhibition and enhanced by overexpression of G(q). Ionomycin and thapsigargin increased intracellular Ca2+ levels and potentiated isoproterenol- and forskolin-stimulated cAMP production, whereas chelation of Ca2+ with 1,2-bis(2-aminophenoxy) ethane-N,N,N',N'-tetraacetic acid/AM inhibited such potentiation. Inhibitors of tyrosine kinases, protein kinase C, or Gbetagamma did not alter this cross-talk. Immunoblot analyses showed prominent expression of adenylyl cyclase 3 (AC3), a Ca2+-activated isoform, along with AC2, AC4, AC5, AC6, and AC7. Of those isoforms, only AC3 and AC5/6 proteins were detected in caveolin-rich fractions. Overexpression of AC6 increased betaAR-stimulated cAMP accumulation but did not alter the size of the ANG II potentiation, suggesting that the cross-talk is AC isoform-specific. Isoproterenol-mediated inhibition of serum-stimulated collagen synthesis increased from 31 to 48% in the presence of ANG II, indicating that betaAR-regulated collagen synthesis increased in the presence of ANG II. These data indicate that ANG II potentiates cAMP formation via Ca2+-dependent activation of AC activity, which in turn attenuates collagen synthesis and demonstrates one functional consequence of crosstalk between G(q) and G(s) signaling pathways in cardiac fibroblasts.

Subject

a(2b) receptors; adenosine inhibits collagen; Biochemistry & Molecular Biology; caveolae; Heart failure; in-vivo; nitric-oxide; pathway; protein-synthesis; smooth-muscle cells; ventricular myocytes

Format

Journal Article

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Rights

Article information provided for research and reference use only. All rights are retained by the journal listed under publisher and/or the creator(s).

Pages

24461-24468

Issue

27

Volume

278

Citation

Ostrom R S; Naugle J E; Hase M; Gregorian C; Swaney J S; Insel P A; Brunton L L; Meszaros J G, “Angiotensin II enhances adenylyl cyclase signaling via Ca2+/calmodulin - G(q-)G(s) cross-talk regulates collagen production in cardiac fibroblasts,” NEOMED Bibliography Database, accessed May 17, 2021, https://neomed.omeka.net/items/show/6695.

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