Response of engineered cartilage tissue to biochemical agents as studied by proton magnetic resonance microscopy

Title

Response of engineered cartilage tissue to biochemical agents as studied by proton magnetic resonance microscopy

Creator

Potter K; Butler J J; Horton W E; Spencer R G S

Publisher

Arthritis and Rheumatism

Date

2000
2000-07

Description

Objective, To test the hypothesis that magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) results correlate with the biochemical composition of cartilage matrix and can therefore be used to evaluate natural tissue development and the effects of biologic interventions. Methods. Chondrocytes harvested from day-16 chick embryo sterna were inoculated into an MRI-compatible hollow-fiber bioreactor, The tissue that formed over a period of 2-4 weeks was studied biochemically, histologically, and with MRI. Besides natural development, the response of the tissue to administration of retinoic acid, interleukin-1 beta (IL-1 beta), and daily dosing with ascorbic acid was studied. Results. Tissue wet and dry weight, glycosaminoglycan (GAG) content, and collagen content all increased with development time, while tissue hydration decreased. The administration of retinoic acid resulted in a significant reduction in tissue wet weight, proteoglycan content, and cell number and an increase in hydration as compared with controls. Daily dosing with ascorbic acid increased tissue collagen content significantly compared with controls, while the administration of IL-1 beta resulted in increased proteoglycan content. The water proton longitudinal and transverse relaxation rates correlated well with GAG and collagen concentrations of the matrix as well as with tissue hydration. In contrast, the magnetization transfer value for the tissue correlated only with total collagen, Finally, the self-coefficient of water correlated with tissue diffusion hydration. Conclusion. Parameters derived from MR images obtained noninvasively can be used to quantitatively assess the composition of cartilage tissue generated in a bioreactor. We conclude that MRI is a promising modality for the assessment of certain biochemical properties of cartilage in a wide variety of settings.

Subject

acid; anterior cruciate ligament; canine articular-cartilage; chondrocytes; interleukin-1; matrix; nmr; osteoarthritis; Rheumatology; self-diffusion; water

Format

Journal Article

Search for Full-text

Users with a NEOMED Library login can search for full-text journal articles at the following url: https://libraryguides.neomed.edu/home

Rights

Article information provided for research and reference use only. All rights are retained by the journal listed under publisher and/or the creator(s).

Pages

1580-1590

Issue

7

Volume

43

Citation

Potter K; Butler J J; Horton W E; Spencer R G S, “Response of engineered cartilage tissue to biochemical agents as studied by proton magnetic resonance microscopy,” NEOMED Bibliography Database, accessed September 22, 2021, https://neomed.omeka.net/items/show/6808.

Social Bookmarking