Aging differentially alters forms of long-term potentiation in rat hippocampal area CA1

Title

Aging differentially alters forms of long-term potentiation in rat hippocampal area CA1

Creator

Shankar S; Teyler T J; Robbins N

Publisher

Journal of Neurophysiology

Date

1998
1998-01

Description

Aging differentially alters forms of long-term potentiation in rat hippocampal area CAl. J. Neurophysiol. 79: 334-341, 1998. Long-term potentiation (LTP) of the Schaffer collateral/commissural inputs to CAI in the hippocampus was shown to consist of N-methyl-D-aspartate receptor (NMDAR) and voltage-dependent calcium channel (VDCC) dependent forms. In this study, the relative contributions of these two forms of LTP in in vitro hippocampal slices from young (2 mo) and old (24 mo) Fischer 344 rats were examined. Excitatory postsynaptic potentials (EPSP) were recorded extracellularly from stratum radiat-um before and after II tetanic stimulus consisting of four 200-Hz, 0.5-s trains given 5 s apart. Under control conditions, a compound LTP consisting of both forms was induced and was similar, in both time course and magnitude, in young and old animals. NMDAR-dependent LTP (nmdaLTP), isolated by the application of 10 mu M nifedipine (a voltage-dependent calcium channel blocker), was significantly reduced in magnitude in aged animals. The VDCC dependent form (vdccLTP), isolated by the application of 50 mu M D,L-2-amino-5-phosphonvalerate (APV), was significantly larger in aged animals. Although both LTP forms reached stable values 40-60 min posttetanus in young animals, in aged animals vdccLTP increased and nmdaLTP decreased during this time. In both young and old animals, the sum of the two isolated LTP forms approximated the magnitude of the compound LTP, and application of APV and nifedipine or genestein (a tyrosine kinase inhibitor) together blocked potentiation. These results suggest that aging causes a shift in synaptic plasticity from NMDAR-dependent mechanisms to VDCC-dependent mechanisms. The data are consistent with previous findings of increased L-type calcium current and decreased NMDAR number In aged CAI cells and may help explain age-related deficits in learning and memory.

Subject

aged fischer-344 rats; alzheimers-disease; calcium channels; concentration-dependent manner; cortex; ltp induction; Neurosciences & Neurology; nmda receptors; Physiology; prefrontal; pyramidal neurons; synaptic transmission; visual cortex

Format

Journal Article

Search for Full-text

Users with a NEOMED Library login can search for full-text journal articles at the following url: https://libraryguides.neomed.edu/home

Rights

Article information provided for research and reference use only. All rights are retained by the journal listed under publisher and/or the creator(s).

Pages

334-341

Issue

1

Volume

79

Citation

Shankar S; Teyler T J; Robbins N, “Aging differentially alters forms of long-term potentiation in rat hippocampal area CA1,” NEOMED Bibliography Database, accessed March 4, 2021, https://neomed.omeka.net/items/show/7147.

Social Bookmarking