Medical Humanities and Their Discontents: Definitions, Critiques, and Implications

Title

Medical Humanities and Their Discontents: Definitions, Critiques, and Implications

Creator

Shapiro J; Coulehan J; Wear D; Montello M

Publisher

Academic Medicine

Date

2009
2009-02

Description

The humanities offer great potential for enhancing professional and humanistic development in medical education. Yet, although many students report benefit from exposure to the humanities in their medical education, they also offer consistent complaints and skepticism. The authors offer a pedagogical definition of the medical humanities, linking it to medicine as a practice profession. They then explore three student critiques of medical humanities curricula: (1) the content critique, examining issues of perceived relevance and intellectual bait-and-switch, (2) the teaching critique, which examines instructor trustworthiness and perceived personal intrusiveness, and (3) the structural/placement critique, or how and when medical humanities appear in the curriculum, Next, ways are suggested to tailor medical humanities to better acknowledge and reframe the needs of medical students. These include ongoing cross-disciplinary reflective practices in which intellectual tools of the humanities are incorporated into educational activities to help students examine and, at times, contest the process, values, and goals of medical practice. This systematic, pervasive reflection will organically lead to meaningful contributions from the medical humanities in three specific areas of great interest to medical educators: professionalism, "narrativity," and educational competencies. Regarding pedagogy, the implications of this, approach are an integrated required curriculum and innovative concepts such as "applied humanities scholars." In turn, systematic integration of humanities perspectives and ways of thinking into clinical training will usefully expand the range of metaphors and narratives available to reflect on medical practice and offer possibilities for deepening and strengthening professional education.

Subject

clerkship; curriculum; education; Education & Educational Research; ethics; Health Care Sciences & Services; mindful; narrative medicine; physician; practice; professionalism; school-of-medicine; students perceptions

Format

Journal Article

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Rights

Article information provided for research and reference use only. All rights are retained by the journal listed under publisher and/or the creator(s).

Pages

192-198

Issue

2

Volume

84

Citation

Shapiro J; Coulehan J; Wear D; Montello M, “Medical Humanities and Their Discontents: Definitions, Critiques, and Implications,” NEOMED Bibliography Database, accessed May 7, 2021, https://neomed.omeka.net/items/show/7152.

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