The role of mineral in the storage of elastic energy in turkey tendons

Title

The role of mineral in the storage of elastic energy in turkey tendons

Creator

Silver F H; Christiansen D; Snowhill P B; Chen Y; Landis W J

Publisher

Biomacromolecules

Date

2000
2000

Description

Mammals elastically store energy in leg and foot tendons during locomotion. In the turkey, much of the force generated by the gastrocnemius muscle is stored as elastic energy during tendon deformation and not within the muscle. During growth, avian tendons mineralize in the portions distal to the muscle and show increased tensile strength and modulus as a result. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the viscoelastic behavior of turkey tendons and self-assembled collagen fiber models to determine the molecular basis for tendon deformation. The stress-strain behavior of tendons and self-assembled collagen fibers was broken into elastic and viscous components. The elastic component was found to be to a first approximation independent of source of the collagen and to depend only on the extent of cross-linking. In the absence of cross-links the elastic component of the stress was found to be negligible for self-assembled type I collagen fibers. In the presence of cross-links the behavior approached that found for mineralized turkey tendons. The elastic constant for turkey tendon was shown to be between 5 and 7.75 GPa while it was about 6.43 Gpa for self-assembled collagen fibers aged for 6 months at 22 degreesC. The viscous component for mineralized turkey tendons was about the same as that of self-assembled collagen fibers aged for 6 months, a result suggesting that addition of mineral does not alter the viscous properties of tendon. It is concluded that elastic energy storage in tendons involves direct stretching of the collagen triple-helix, nonhelical ends, and cross-links between the molecules and is unaffected by mineralization. Furthermore, it is hypothesized that mineralization of turkey tendons is an efficient means of preserving elastic energy storage while providing for increased load-bearing ability required for locomotion of adult birds.

Subject

age; Biochemistry & Molecular Biology; Chemistry; collagen; crosslinks; mechanical properties; Polymer Science; tissue

Identifier

Format

Journal Article

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Rights

Article information provided for research and reference use only. All rights are retained by the journal listed under publisher and/or the creator(s).

Pages

180-185

Issue

2

Volume

1

Citation

Silver F H; Christiansen D; Snowhill P B; Chen Y; Landis W J, “The role of mineral in the storage of elastic energy in turkey tendons,” NEOMED Bibliography Database, accessed June 18, 2021, https://neomed.omeka.net/items/show/7181.

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