Effects of ionic channel antagonists barium, cesium, and UL-FS-49 on vagal slowing of atrial rate in dogs

Title

Effects of ionic channel antagonists barium, cesium, and UL-FS-49 on vagal slowing of atrial rate in dogs

Creator

Wallick D W; Kuguoglu A; Yang T N; Stuesse S L; Levy M N

Publisher

American Journal of Physiology-Heart and Circulatory Physiology

Date

1997
1997-11

Description

In response to a brief vagal stimulus, the atrial rate initially slows, then transiently accelerates, and slows a second time. We determined the effects of three antagonists to two ionic channels on this characteristic triphasic pacemaker response. Brief bursts of vagal stimulation were delivered to anesthetized dogs, and atrial cycle lengths were recorded. Either barium, cesium, or UL-FS-49 was administered. Barium, which primarily blocks the acetylcholine-sensitive potassium current (I-K,I-ACh), attenuated the initial vagally induced bradycardia by >50% without affecting the subsequent acceleration or the secondary slowing. Cesium and UL-FS-49 [both of which primarily block the pacemaker current (I-f)] did not affect the initial vagal slowing of atrial rate but abolished the acceleratory portion of the response. The secondary slowing was abolished by cesium but not by UL-FS-49. We conclude that the initial rapid atrial response to acetylcholine is mediated mainly by the I-K,I-ACh, with little contribution from the I-f. The subsequent acceleration is mediated by activation of the I-f.

Subject

acetylcholine; atrioventricular nodes; autonomic nervous system; block; cardiac pacemaker; Cardiovascular System & Cardiology; cat; current if; heart rate; ionic currents; pacemaker activity; parasympathetic; Physiology; purkinje-fibers; sinoatrial node cells; sinus node; stimulation; vagus nerves

Format

Journal Article

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Rights

Article information provided for research and reference use only. All rights are retained by the journal listed under publisher and/or the creator(s).

Pages

H2155-H2160

Issue

5

Volume

273

Citation

Wallick D W; Kuguoglu A; Yang T N; Stuesse S L; Levy M N, “Effects of ionic channel antagonists barium, cesium, and UL-FS-49 on vagal slowing of atrial rate in dogs,” NEOMED Bibliography Database, accessed October 24, 2021, https://neomed.omeka.net/items/show/7437.

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