COMPARISON OF PATIENTS WITH ENTEROCOCCAL BACTEREMIA DUE TO STRAINS WITH AND WITHOUT HIGH-LEVEL RESISTANCE TO GENTAMICIN

Title

COMPARISON OF PATIENTS WITH ENTEROCOCCAL BACTEREMIA DUE TO STRAINS WITH AND WITHOUT HIGH-LEVEL RESISTANCE TO GENTAMICIN

Creator

Watanakunakorn C; Patel R

Publisher

Clinical Infectious Diseases

Date

1993
1993-07

Description

Patients with enterococcal bacteremia due to strains with and without high-level gentamicin resistance (HLGR; MIC, >2,000 mg/L) were compared. Between 1986 and 1991, there were 178 episodes of enterococcal bacteremia: 47 and 131 episodes, respectively, due to enterococcal strains with and without HLGR. Sixty-two, 57, and 59 episodes, respectively, were in patients with transient bacteremia (a single positive blood culture), bacteremia (two or more positive blood cultures), and polymicrobial bacteremia. Nosocomial bacteremia accounted for 61.7% and 51.1% of episodes due to strains with and without HLGR, respectively. All isolates were strains of Enterococcus faecalis except for 13 strains of Enterococcus faecium, 4 of Enterococcus avium, and 3 of Enterococcus durans. Although the mortality was slightly higher among patients infected with strains with HLGR than among those infected with strains without HLGR (38.3% vs. 30.5%, respectively), there was no statistical difference. The mortality rate was adversely affected by old age (P < .01) and rapidly and ultimately fatal underlying conditions (P < .001). The addition of gentamicin to the treatment regimens had no effect on mortality.

Subject

faecalis bacteremia; Immunology; Infectious Diseases; infective endocarditis; Microbiology; streptomycin; synergism

Format

Journal Article

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Rights

Article information provided for research and reference use only. All rights are retained by the journal listed under publisher and/or the creator(s).

Pages

74-78

Issue

1

Volume

17

Citation

Watanakunakorn C; Patel R, “COMPARISON OF PATIENTS WITH ENTEROCOCCAL BACTEREMIA DUE TO STRAINS WITH AND WITHOUT HIGH-LEVEL RESISTANCE TO GENTAMICIN,” NEOMED Bibliography Database, accessed May 25, 2022, https://neomed.omeka.net/items/show/7480.

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