On the mechanism of bile acid inhibition of rat sterol 12 alpha-hydroxylase gene (CYP8B1) transcription: roles of alpha-fetoprotein transcription factor and hepatocyte nuclear factor 4 alpha

Title

On the mechanism of bile acid inhibition of rat sterol 12 alpha-hydroxylase gene (CYP8B1) transcription: roles of alpha-fetoprotein transcription factor and hepatocyte nuclear factor 4 alpha

Creator

Yang Y Z; Zhang M; Eggertsen G; Chiang J Y L

Publisher

Biochimica Et Biophysica Acta-Molecular and Cell Biology of Lipids

Date

2002
2002-06

Description

The sterol 12alpha-hydroxylase (CYP8B1) is a key enzyme of the bile acid biosynthetic pathway. It regulates the composition of bile acids in bile, i.e. ratio between cholic acid (CA) and chenodeoxycholic acid (CDCA). In similarity with cholesterol 7alpha-hydroxylase (CYP7A1), this enzyme is subjected to a negative feedback regulation by bile acids, It has been recently reported that bile acid-activated famesoid X receptor (FXR) induces the small heterodimer partner (SHP) that interacts with alpha-fetoprotein transcription factor (FTF) and down-regulates CYP7A1 transcription. We studied whether the same mechanism also regulated rat CYP8B1 gene transcription. Feeding rats with CDCA caused a 40-50% decrease of CYP8B1 and hepatocyte nuclear factor 4alpha (HNF4alpha) mRNA expression levels. This was associated with an increase in FTF mRNA expression, but SHP mRNA expression was not altered. Electrophoretic mobility shift assay (EMSA) and transient transfection assay of promoter/reporter genes coupled to mutagenesis analysis identified a putative bile acid response element (BARE) that has an HNF4alpha binding site embedded in two overlapping FTF binding sites. Mutation of the HNF4alpha binding site markedly reduced basal promoter activity and its repression by bile acids. Cotransfection with FTF strongly repressed CYP8B1 transcription. Interestingly, HNF4alpha could overcome the inhibitory effects of FTF and bile acids. We conclude that FTF and HNF4alpha not only play critical roles on CYP8B1 gene transcription, but also mediate bile acid feedback inhibition. This study reveals a novel mechanism by which bile acids inhibit rat CYP8B1 gene transcription by inducing FTF and inhibiting HNF4alpha expression. (C) 2002 Elsevier Science B.V. All rights reserved.

Subject

activation; bile acid synthesise; Biochemistry & Molecular Biology; Biophysics; biosynthesis; Cell Biology; cholesterol 7-alpha-hydroxylase gene; Cyp7a1; cytochrome P450; expression; feedback-regulation; gene regulation; liver microsomal metabolism; nuclear receptor; promoter; receptor; repression

Format

Journal Article

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Rights

Article information provided for research and reference use only. All rights are retained by the journal listed under publisher and/or the creator(s).

Pages

63-73

Issue

1

Volume

1583

Citation

Yang Y Z; Zhang M; Eggertsen G; Chiang J Y L, “On the mechanism of bile acid inhibition of rat sterol 12 alpha-hydroxylase gene (CYP8B1) transcription: roles of alpha-fetoprotein transcription factor and hepatocyte nuclear factor 4 alpha,” NEOMED Bibliography Database, accessed March 4, 2021, https://neomed.omeka.net/items/show/7635.

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