N-ACETYLCYSTEINE PRESERVES OXYGEN-CONSUMPTION AND GASTRIC-MUCOSAL PH DURING HYPEROXIC VENTILATION

Title

N-ACETYLCYSTEINE PRESERVES OXYGEN-CONSUMPTION AND GASTRIC-MUCOSAL PH DURING HYPEROXIC VENTILATION

Creator

Reinhart K; Spies C D; Meierhellmann A; Bredle D L; Hannemann L; Specht M; Schaffartzik W

Publisher

American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine

Date

1995
1995-03

Description

Hyperoxic ventilation, used to prevent hypoxemia during potential periods of hypoventilation, has been reported to paradoxically decrease whole body oxygen consumption (Vo(2)). Reduction in nutritive blood flow due to oxygen radical production is one possible mechanism. We investigated whether pretreatment with the sulfhydryl group donor and O-2 radical scavenger N-acetylcysteine (NAG) would preserve whole body Vo(2) and prevent deterioration of oxygenation in gastric mucosal tissue during hyperoxia. Thirty-eight patients, requiring hemodynamic monitoring (radial and pulmonary artery catheters) due to sepsis syndrome, were included in this randomized experiment. All patients exhibited stable clinical conditions (hemodynamics, body temperature, hemoglobin, Flo(2) < 0.5). A gastric tonometer was placed to measure the gastric intramucosal pH (pH(i)), which indirectly assesses nutritive blood flow to the mucosa. Cardiac output was determined by thermodilution and Vo(2) by cardiovascular Fick. After baseline measurements, patients randomly received either 150 mg . kg(-1) NAC (n = 19) or placebo (n = 19) in 250 ml 5% dextrose intravenously over a period of 15 min. Measurements were repeated 30 min after starting NAC or placebo infusion, 30 min after starting hyperoxia (Flo(2) = 1.0), and 60 min after resetting the original Flo(2). There were no significant differences between groups in any of the measurements before treatment and after the return to baseline Flo(2) at the end of the study. NAG, but not placebo infusion, caused a slight but significant increase in cardiac output and decrease in systemic vascular resistance. Significant differences between groups during hyperoxia were: Vo(2) (NAG: 114 +/- 9 mi min(-1) m(-2) versus placebo: 81 +/- 31 ml . min(-1) m(-2); p = 0.008) and oxygen extraction ratio (NAG: 21 +/- 6% versus placebo: 14 +/- 5%; p = 0.003). The mean decrease of Vo(2) was 11% in the NAC group versus 34% in the placebo group. The mean decrease of the oxygen extraction ratio was 12% in the NAC group versus 34% in the placebo group. NAC prevented a decrease in pH(i) in hyperoxia (NAG: 7.28 +/- 0.10 versus placebo: 7.14 +/- 0.18; p = 0.012). NAC helped preserve whole body oxygen uptake, oxygen extraction ratio, and pH(i) during brief hyperoxia in these septic patients. This suggests that pretreatment with NAC can attenuate impaired tissue oxygenation during hyperoxia.

Subject

cardiac-output; critically-ill patients; endotoxin; gas-exchange; General & Internal Medicine; l-arginine; nitric-oxide synthesis; relaxing factor; Respiratory System; septic patients; skeletal-muscle; superoxide

Identifier

n/a

Format

Journal Article

URL Address

n/a

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Rights

Article information provided for research and reference use only. All rights are retained by the journal listed under publisher and/or the creator(s).

Pages

773-779

Issue

3

Volume

151

Citation

Reinhart K; Spies C D; Meierhellmann A; Bredle D L; Hannemann L; Specht M; Schaffartzik W, “N-ACETYLCYSTEINE PRESERVES OXYGEN-CONSUMPTION AND GASTRIC-MUCOSAL PH DURING HYPEROXIC VENTILATION,” NEOMED Bibliography Database, accessed September 18, 2021, https://neomed.omeka.net/items/show/7870.

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