Epidemiology of trauma: Childhood adversities, neighborhood problems, discrimination, chronic strains, life events, and daily hassles among people with a severe mental illness

Title

Epidemiology of trauma: Childhood adversities, neighborhood problems, discrimination, chronic strains, life events, and daily hassles among people with a severe mental illness

Creator

Adams R E; Ritter C; Bonfine N

Publisher

Psychiatry Research

Date

2015
2015-12

Description

Trauma during childhood and adolescence is a common event among people with a serious psychological disorder. Few studies assess a wide range of stressors for this population. This is surprising given that these stressful events are implicated in poorer outcomes related to course and treatment of mental health problems. This study of 214 people with serious mental illness examines the prevalence of childhood traumas, perceived neighborhood problems, discrimination, chronic strains, negative life events, and daily hassles. We use regression analyses to determine if these stressors are associated with quality of life. Results show that 95% of the sample report at least one childhood adversity. Perceived neighborhood problems, experiences of discrimination, chronic strains, life events, and daily hassles were also common. Examining the relationship between demographic factors and stressors suggests that older respondents, Whites, those who have never been married, and people diagnosed with Schizophrenia reported fewer stressors compared to those who are older, non-White, ever married, or suffering from other types of mental health problems. Finally, three of the six types of stressors were related to lower quality of life and depression. We discuss the implications of these findings for the treatment of severe psychological problems. (C) 2015 Elsevier Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved.

Subject

1st-episode psychosis; adults; Childhood trauma; community; Health; national comorbidity survey; posttraumatic-stress-disorder; prevalence; Psychiatry; quality-of-life; schizophrenia; Serious mental illness; stress; symptoms; world-trade-center

Format

Journal Article or Conference Abstract Publication

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Rights

Article information provided for research and reference use only. All rights are retained by the journal listed under publisher and/or the creator(s).

Pages

609-615

Issue

2

Volume

230

Citation

Adams R E; Ritter C; Bonfine N, “Epidemiology of trauma: Childhood adversities, neighborhood problems, discrimination, chronic strains, life events, and daily hassles among people with a severe mental illness,” NEOMED Bibliography Database, accessed January 25, 2021, https://neomed.omeka.net/items/show/8409.

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