Role of angiotensin II in sympathetic nervous system induced left ventricular dysfunction

Title

Role of angiotensin II in sympathetic nervous system induced left ventricular dysfunction

Creator

Bosso F J; Jarjoura D G; Pilati C F

Publisher

Canadian Journal of Physiology and Pharmacology

Date

1999
1999-10

Description

Experiments were undertaken to determine whether angiotensin (Ang) II concentration increases during massive sympathetic nervous system (SNS) activation and whether such an increase plays a role in the pathogenesis of SNS-induced left ventricular (LV) dysfunction. We also sought to determine whether excessive Ca2+ uptake through L-type channels due to intense adrenoceptor activation is responsible for the LV dysfunction. AngII concentration was measured in the plasma and myocardium before and after massively activating the SNS with an intracisternal injection of veratrine. In separate experiments, rabbits were given losartan, enalaprilat, enalaprilat plus HOE-140, nifedipine, betaBay K 4866, or saline before massively activating the SNS. LV function was evaluated 2.5 h later. The intense SNS activity caused plasma and myocardial AngII to increase by 400 and 437%, respectively. AngII receptor blockade did not prevent LV dysfunction. In contrast, enalaprilat reduced the degree of dysfunction, but its cardioprotection was abolished by HOE-140. Although nifedipine prevented SNS-induced LV dysfunction, administration of the Ca2+ channel opener, betaBay K 4866, did not increase its severity. Our results indicate that AngII is not involved in the pathogenesis of SNS-induced LV dysfunction and that the cardioprotection provided by angiotensin converting enzyme (ACE) inhibition is due to activation of a bradykinin pathway. Furthermore, the finding that the magnitude of the LV dysfunction was reduced by enalaprilat, and not increased by betaBay K 4866, suggests that intense adrenoceptor activation of L-type Ca2+ channels is not the primary pathogenetic mechanism.

Subject

contractility; Physiology; myocardium; Pharmacology & Pharmacy; nitric-oxide; catecholamines; inhibitors; mechanisms; hearts; rabbits; bradykinin; attenuation; calcium channel opener-blocker; captopril; converting-enzyme inhibitor; myocardial; nifedipine; ramiprilat

Identifier

n/a

Format

Journal Article or Conference Abstract Publication

URL Address

n/a

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Rights

Article information provided for research and reference use only. All rights are retained by the journal listed under publisher and/or the creator(s).

Pages

806-812

Issue

10

Volume

77

Citation

Bosso F J; Jarjoura D G; Pilati C F, “Role of angiotensin II in sympathetic nervous system induced left ventricular dysfunction,” NEOMED Bibliography Database, accessed December 1, 2021, https://neomed.omeka.net/items/show/8682.

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