Physician treatment of osteoporosis in response to heel ultrasound bone mineral density reports

Title

Physician treatment of osteoporosis in response to heel ultrasound bone mineral density reports

Creator

Boyd J L; Holcomb J P; Rothenberg R J

Publisher

Journal of Clinical Densitometry

Date

2002
2002

Description

Optimal information that should be included in ultrasound (US) heel bone mineral density (BMD) reports is not known. If additional information about further evaluation of patients with low heel BMD were included in reports, would responses for treatment improve? We screened people at health fairs using the Sahara heel US machine. For those with a T-score of less than or equal to -1.0, letters were sent to their primary care physician notifying them of the result. Physicians were randomly assigned to (1) a standard letter, which recommended central bone density screening (dual X-ray absorptiometry [DXA]) and treatment if the BMD was low; or (2) an extended letter, which also outlined treatment strategies based on recommended subsequent central DXA scan results for a T-score of <-1.50 and also if < -2.00. The extended letter only increased the frequency of DXA testing from 30.1 to 37.2% (not a significant increase). Of 88 people with heel BMD: less than or equal to -1.00 and not previously on any treatment, 25 of 45 (56%) were treated (calcium, estrogens, bisphosphonates, or calcitonin or a combination) after physicians received a standard letter and 30 of 43 (70%) after an extended letter (one-sided p = 0.084). Of people with T less than or equal to -1.9, and initially taking nothing more than calcium, 5 of 36 (13.9%) received additional treatment after physicians received a standard letter vs 9 of 41 (22.0%) after an extended letter (one-sided p = 0.180). For those with T less than or equal to -1.0 because of the screen 25 of 197 (12.7%) received additional treatment. One hundred forty-six of 194 (75%) individuals and received treatment with calcium or other medications, and 74 of 173 (43%) of individuals before screening and 141 of 195 (72%) after physicians received letters took calcium. Physicians regarded calcium alone as adequate treatment in many cases. There was no marked increase in treatment when additional information was provided to physicians regarding evaluation and treatment for low US heel BMD results.

Subject

treatment; osteoporosis; management; Endocrinology & Metabolism; classification; postmenopausal women; quantitative ultrasound; bone density report; densitometry; heel ultrasound; hip fracture

Identifier

Format

Journal Article or Conference Abstract Publication

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Rights

Article information provided for research and reference use only. All rights are retained by the journal listed under publisher and/or the creator(s).

Pages

375-381

Issue

4

Volume

5

Citation

Boyd J L; Holcomb J P; Rothenberg R J, “Physician treatment of osteoporosis in response to heel ultrasound bone mineral density reports,” NEOMED Bibliography Database, accessed May 25, 2024, https://neomed.omeka.net/items/show/8702.