Intestinal CYP3A4 protects against lithocholic acid-induced hepatotoxicity in intestine-specific VDR-deficient mice

Title

Intestinal CYP3A4 protects against lithocholic acid-induced hepatotoxicity in intestine-specific VDR-deficient mice

Creator

Cheng J; Fang Z Z; Kim J H; Krausz K W; Tanaka N; Chiang J Y L; Gonzalez F J

Publisher

Journal of Lipid Research

Date

2014
2014-03

Description

Vitamin D receptor (VDR) mediates vitamin D signaling involved in bone metabolism, cellular growth and differentiation, cardiovascular function, and bile acid regulation. Mice with an intestine-specific disruption of VDR (Vdr(Delta IEpC)) have abnormal body size, colon structure, and imbalance of bile acid metabolism. Lithocholic acid (LCA), a secondary bile acid that activates VDR, is among the most toxic of the bile acids that when overaccumulated in the liver causes hepatotoxicity. Because cytochrome P450 3A4 (CYP3A4) is a target gene of VDR-involved bile acid metabolism, the role of CYP3A4 in VDR biology and bile acid metabolism was investigated. The CYP3A4 gene was inserted into Vdr(Delta IEpC) mice to produce the Vdr(Delta IEpC)/3A4 line. LCA was administered to control, transgenic-CYP3A4, Vdr(Delta IEpC), and Vdr(Delta IEpC)/3A4 mice, and hepatic toxicity and bile acid levels in the liver, intestine, bile, and urine were measured. VDR deficiency in the intestine of the Vdr(Delta IEpC) mice exacerbates LCA-induced hepatotoxicity manifested by increased necrosis and inflammation, due in part to over-accumulation of hepatic bile acids including taurocholic acid and taurodeoxycholic acid. Intestinal expression of CYP3A4 in the Vdr(Delta IEpC)/3A4 mouse line reduces LCA-induced hepatotoxicity through elevation of LCA metabolism and detoxification, and suppression of bile acid transporter expression in the small intestine.(jlr) This study reveals that intestinal CYP3A4 protects against LCA hepatotoxicity.

Subject

metabolomics; 1; Biochemistry & Molecular Biology; disease; expression; absorption; permeability; Bile acids; bile-acid; cytochrome-p450 3a4; vitamin D receptor; vitamin D receptor; 25-dihydroxyvitamin d-3

Identifier

Format

Journal Article or Conference Abstract Publication

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Rights

Article information provided for research and reference use only. All rights are retained by the journal listed under publisher and/or the creator(s).

Pages

455-465

Issue

3

Volume

55

Citation

Cheng J; Fang Z Z; Kim J H; Krausz K W; Tanaka N; Chiang J Y L; Gonzalez F J, “Intestinal CYP3A4 protects against lithocholic acid-induced hepatotoxicity in intestine-specific VDR-deficient mice,” NEOMED Bibliography Database, accessed May 26, 2022, https://neomed.omeka.net/items/show/8885.

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