Paclitaxel-Hyaluronic NanoConjugates Prolong Overall Survival in a Preclinical Brain Metastases of Breast Cancer Model

Title

Paclitaxel-Hyaluronic NanoConjugates Prolong Overall Survival in a Preclinical Brain Metastases of Breast Cancer Model

Creator

Mittapalli R K; Liu X L; Adkins C E; Nounou M I; Bohn K A; Terrell T B; Qhattal H S; Geldenhuys W J; Palmieri D; Steeg P S; Smith Q R; Lockman P R

Publisher

Molecular Cancer Therapeutics

Date

2013
2013-11

Description

Brain (central nervous system; CNS) metastases pose a life-threatening problem for women with advanced metastatic breast cancer. It has recently been shown that the vasculature within preclinical brain metastasis model markedly restricts paclitaxel delivery in approximately 90% of CNS lesions. Therefore to improve efficacy, we have developed an ultra-small hyaluronic acid (HA) paclitaxel nanoconjugate (similar to 5 kDa) that can passively diffuse across the leaky blood-tumor barrier and then be taken up into cancer cells (MDA-MB-231Br) via CD44 receptor-mediated endocytocis. Using CD44 receptor-mediated endocytosis as an uptake mechanism, HA-paclitaxel was able to bypass p-glycoprotein-mediated efflux on the surface of the cancer cells. In vitro cytoxicity of the conjugate and free paclitaxel were similar in that they (i) both caused cell-cycle arrest in the G(2)-M phase, (ii) showed similar degrees of apoptosis induction (cleaved caspase), and (iii) had similar IC50 values when compared with paclitaxel in MTT assay. A preclinical model of brain metastases of breast cancer using intracardiac injections of Luc-2 transfected MDA-MB-231Br cells was used to evaluate in vivo efficacy of the nanoconjugate. The animals administered with HA-paclitaxel nanoconjugate had significantly longer overall survival compared with the control and the paclitaxel-treated group (P < 0.05). This study suggests that the small molecular weight HA-paclitaxel nanoconjugates can improve standard chemotherapeutic drug efficacy in a preclinical model of brain metastases of breast cancer. (C) 2013 AACR.

Subject

stem-cells; in-vivo; Oncology; central-nervous-system; lipid rafts; antitumor-activity; multidrug-resistance; acid-paclitaxel; cd44 expression; p-glycoprotein; targeted drug-delivery

Format

Journal Article or Conference Abstract Publication

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Rights

Article information provided for research and reference use only. All rights are retained by the journal listed under publisher and/or the creator(s).

Pages

2389-2399

Issue

11

Volume

12

Citation

Mittapalli R K; Liu X L; Adkins C E; Nounou M I; Bohn K A; Terrell T B; Qhattal H S; Geldenhuys W J; Palmieri D; Steeg P S; Smith Q R; Lockman P R, “Paclitaxel-Hyaluronic NanoConjugates Prolong Overall Survival in a Preclinical Brain Metastases of Breast Cancer Model,” NEOMED Bibliography Database, accessed December 9, 2021, https://neomed.omeka.net/items/show/9151.

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