Recognition Of Sickle Cell Anemia In Skeletal Remains Of Children

Title

Recognition Of Sickle Cell Anemia In Skeletal Remains Of Children

Creator

Hershkovitz I; Rothschild B M; Latimer B; DuTour O; Leonetti G; Greenwald C M; Rothschild C; Jellema L M

Publisher

American Journal of Physical Anthropology

Date

1997
1997-10

Description

The present study discusses in detail the osteological changes associated with sickle cell anemia in children and their importance in differential diagnosis. Posterior calcaneal and specific articular surface disruptive metacarpal lesions are diagnostic for sickle cell anemia. Calvarial thickening, tibial and femoral cortical bone thickening, and bowing are of more limited utility in differential diagnosis. Granular osteoporosis, pelvic demineralization and rib broadening are nonspecific. Localized calvarial ''ballooning,'' previously not described, may have diagnostic significance. Bone marrow hyperplastic response (porotic hyperostosis) in sickle cell anemia produces minimal radiologic changes contrasted with that observed in thalassemia and blood loss/hemolytic phenomenon. Two other issues, the osteological criteria for discriminating among the anemias and the purported relationship between porotic hyperostosis and iron deficiency anemia, are also discussed. There is sufficient information to properly diagnose the four major groups of anemias, and further, to establish that iron deficiency is only indirectly associated with porotic hyperostosis. The hyperproliferative bone marrow response (manifest as porotic hyperostosis) to blood loss or hemolysis exhausts iron stores, resulting in secondary iron deficiency. (C) 1997 Wiley-Liss, Inc.

Subject

anemia; Anthropology; arthritis; beta-thalassemia; bone pathology; bone-disease; children; Evolutionary Biology; features; iron deficiency; pathogenesis; porotic hyperostosis

Format

Journal Article or Conference Abstract Publication

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Rights

Article information provided for research and reference use only. All rights are retained by the journal listed under publisher and/or the creator(s).

Pages

213-226

Issue

2

Volume

104

Citation

Hershkovitz I; Rothschild B M; Latimer B; DuTour O; Leonetti G; Greenwald C M; Rothschild C; Jellema L M, “Recognition Of Sickle Cell Anemia In Skeletal Remains Of Children,” NEOMED Bibliography Database, accessed April 11, 2021, https://neomed.omeka.net/items/show/10177.

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