Selenium supplementation provides potent neuroprotection following cerebral ischemia in mice

Title

Selenium supplementation provides potent neuroprotection following cerebral ischemia in mice

Creator

Zhan Zhuo
Huimei Wang
Shuai Zhang
Perry F Bartlett
Tara L Walker
Sheng-Tao Hou

Date

2023

Description

Despite progress in reperfusion therapy, functional recovery remains suboptimal in many stroke patients, with oxidative stress, inflammation, dysbiosis, and secondary neurodegeneration constituting the major hurdles to recovery. The essential trace element selenium is emerging as a promising therapeutic agent for stroke. However, although several rodent studies have shown that selenium can protect against cell loss following cerebral ischemia, no study has yet examined whether selenium can enhance long-term functional recovery. Moreover, published studies have typically reported a single mechanism of action underlying selenium-mediated stroke recovery. However, we propose that selenium is more likely to have multifaceted actions. Here, we show that selenomethionine confers a potent neuroprotective effect in a canonical filament-induced transient middle cerebral artery occlusion (tMCAO) mouse model. Post-tMCAO selenium treatment significantly reduces the cerebral infarct volume, oxidative stress, and ferroptosis and enhances post-tMCAO motor performance in the acute phase after stroke. Moreover, analysis of the gut microbiota reveals that acute selenium treatment reverses stroke-induced gut dysbiosis. Longer-term selenium supplementation activates intrinsic neuroprotective mechanisms, prevents secondary neurodegeneration, alleviates systemic inflammation, and diminishes gut microbe-derived circulating trimethylamine N-oxide. These findings demonstrate that selenium treatment even after cerebral ischemia has long-term and multifaceted neuroprotective effects, highlighting its clinical potential.

Source

J Cereb Blood Flow Metab
. 2023 Feb 9;271678X231156981. doi: 10.1177/0271678X231156981. Online ahead of print.

Language

English

Citation

Zhan Zhuo et al., “Selenium supplementation provides potent neuroprotection following cerebral ischemia in mice,” NEOMED Bibliography Database, accessed July 25, 2024, https://neomed.omeka.net/items/show/12255.