The prevalence of osteoporosis risk factors and physician intervention.

Title

The prevalence of osteoporosis risk factors and physician intervention.

Creator

Bourguet C C; Hamrick G A; Gilchrist V J

Publisher

The Journal of Family Practice

Date

1991
1991-03

Description

To determine the prevalence of osteoporosis risk factors and the probability of physician risk recognition and intervention, the medical records of a cohort of 243 women aged 40 to 65 years were reviewed retrospectively. A historical cohort design was used. Risk factors present before the start of the study were identified. Osteoporosis risk recognition (discussion, problem list), osteoporosis specific intervention (counseling about risk, or estrogen or calcium supplementation), or nonspecific intervention (dietary, exercise, smoking, or alcohol counseling) were recorded over a 3-year follow-up period. Seventy-four percent of the women had two or more risk factors. The most common were perimenopausal or postmenopausal status (73%) and absence of estrogen supplementation (ever) (65%). During the period of the study, 46 women (19%) had received an osteoporosis-specific intervention. One hundred eleven women (46%) had received one of the above or a less specific intervention. The medical records of only 25 women (10%) documented an assessment of osteoporosis risk. Only menopausal status predicted osteoporosis intervention, and the probability of intervention decreased as the total number of risk factors increased. The data identify three groups of women who could benefit from increased risk-reduction strategies: premenopausal women, perimenopausal or postmenopausal women who have never previously taken supplemental estrogens, and women with multiple risk factors.

Subject

Adult; Female; Humans; Middle Aged; Aged; Retrospective Studies; Cohort Studies; Risk Factors; Patient Education as Topic; Osteoporosis; Counseling; Family; *Physicians; Estrogen Replacement Therapy; Osteoporosis/*prevention & control; Postmenopausal/prevention & control

Rights

Article information provided for research and reference use only. All rights are retained by the journal listed under publisher and/or the creator(s).

Pages

265–271

Issue

3

Volume

32

Citation

Bourguet C C; Hamrick G A; Gilchrist V J, “The prevalence of osteoporosis risk factors and physician intervention.,” NEOMED Bibliography Database, accessed May 13, 2021, https://neomed.omeka.net/items/show/5324.

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