No correlation between lower extremity deep vein thrombosis and pulmonary embolism proportions in trauma: a systematic literature review.

Title

No correlation between lower extremity deep vein thrombosis and pulmonary embolism proportions in trauma: a systematic literature review.

Creator

Aziz Hiba Abdel; Hileman Barbara M; Chance Elisha A

Publisher

European journal of trauma and emergency surgery : official publication of the European Trauma Society

Date

2018
2018-12

Description

PURPOSE: To assess the effect of surveillance on deep vein thrombosis (DVT) and pulmonary embolism (PE) rates, the efficacy of chemoprophylaxis and mechanical prophylaxis, and the relationship between DVT and PE. METHODS: A 23 year, systematic literature review was performed in PubMed. Twenty publications with > 13,000 patients were reviewed. Analyzed traits included: DVT surveillance utilization, the total number of patients included in each study, the number of patients developing DVT and/or PE, chemoprophylaxis and mechanical prophylaxis utilization. When event proportions from individual studies were combined, a weighted mean proportion was computed based on the size of each individual cohort. Combined event proportions were compared with other combined event proportions, according to differences in intervention. Inter-group event proportions were compared using Chi-Square or Fisher's exact test, as appropriate. RESULTS: DVT rates increase with surveillance (10.7% vs. 2.5%, p < 0.001). PE rates were similar regardless of surveillance (p = 1.0). Chemoprophylaxis lowered both DVT rates (8.2% vs. 10.7%; p < 0.0001) and PE rates (1.2% vs. 1.9%; p = 0.0050). Mechanical prophylaxis did not decrease DVT rates (10.2% vs. 11.5%; p = 0.2980) or PE rates (1.7% vs. 1.6%; p = 1.0). In patients with neither chemoprophylaxis nor mechanical prophylaxis, DVT rate was 11.5%, PE was 1.6%. When chemoprophylaxis and/or mechanical prophylaxis were given, DVT rate was 8.6% (p < 0.0189) and PE was 1.3% (p = 0.4462). PE proportions were not decreased with mechanical prophylaxis or surveillance. DVT and PE rates were not associated (p = 0.7574). CONCLUSIONS: The results suggest that PE is not associated with lower extremity DVT in adult trauma patients.

Subject

Humans; chemoprophylaxis; Deep vein thrombosis; Mechanical prophylaxis; Pulmonary embolism; Ultrasound surveillance; Venous thromboembolism; Lower Extremity; Wounds and Injuries/*complications; Multiple Trauma/*complications; Pulmonary Embolism/etiology/*mortality; Venous Thrombosis/etiology/*mortality

Rights

Article information provided for research and reference use only. All rights are retained by the journal listed under publisher and/or the creator(s).

Pages

843-850

Issue

6

Volume

44

Citation

Aziz Hiba Abdel; Hileman Barbara M; Chance Elisha A, “No correlation between lower extremity deep vein thrombosis and pulmonary embolism proportions in trauma: a systematic literature review.,” NEOMED Bibliography Database, accessed April 14, 2021, https://neomed.omeka.net/items/show/6258.

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