The Impact of Prolonged Exposure on PTSD Symptoms and Associated Psychopathology in People Living with HIV: A Randomized Test of Concept

Title

The Impact of Prolonged Exposure on PTSD Symptoms and Associated Psychopathology in People Living with HIV: A Randomized Test of Concept

Creator

Pacella M L; Armelie A; Boarts J; Wagner G; Jones T; Feeny N; Delahanty D L

Publisher

Aids and Behavior

Date

2012
2012-07

Description

People living with HIV (PLWH) report elevated levels of posttraumatic stress disorder symptoms (PTSS) and associated comorbidities. The present study tested the efficacy of prolonged exposure (PE) at reducing PTSS, depression, negative posttraumatic cognitions, and substance use in PLWH. Participants were randomly assigned to receive PE ( = 40) or to a weekly monitoring control group ( = 25). Assessments occurred at baseline, post-intervention and 3-months post-treatment. Following the 3-month assessment, controls were offered the intervention. All PE recipients (whether originally from the PE or control group) completed a 6-month assessment. Intent-to-treat mixed model repeated measures ANOVAs were conducted through 3-months post-treatment; within group analyses were conducted through 6-months. PE recipients reported fewer PTSS and negative posttraumatic cognitions and were more likely to achieve good end-state functioning; gains were maintained at 6-months. No between-group differences emerged for substance use. Overall, results support the efficacy of PE in PLWH.

Subject

antiretroviral; Biomedical Social Sciences; comorbidity survey; depression; depressive symptoms; disease progression; disorder; Environmental & Occupational Health; human-immunodeficiency-virus; intervention; medication adherence; national; People living with HIV; Posttraumatic stress; posttraumatic-stress-disorder; Prolonged exposure; psychiatric-disorders; Public; substance use; therapy; traumatic events

Format

Journal Article

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Rights

Article information provided for research and reference use only. All rights are retained by the journal listed under publisher and/or the creator(s).

Pages

1327-1340

Issue

5

Volume

16

Citation

Pacella M L; Armelie A; Boarts J; Wagner G; Jones T; Feeny N; Delahanty D L, “The Impact of Prolonged Exposure on PTSD Symptoms and Associated Psychopathology in People Living with HIV: A Randomized Test of Concept,” NEOMED Bibliography Database, accessed March 5, 2021, https://neomed.omeka.net/items/show/6704.

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