Enhancement Of The Antiviral Activity Of Poly (a-u) By Adriamycin And Daunomycin

Title

Enhancement Of The Antiviral Activity Of Poly (a-u) By Adriamycin And Daunomycin

Creator

Jamison J M; Bonilla P J; Tsai C C

Publisher

Antiviral Chemistry & Chemotherapy

Date

1990
1990-10

Description

The role of adriamycin (ADR) and daunomycin (DMN) in modulating the antiviral activity of poly (adeylate-uridylate) (poly (A-U)) was examined using a human foreskin fibroblast - vesicular stomatitis virus (HSF-VSV) bioassay in which the concentration of poly (A-U) was fixed at 0.05 mm or 0.2 mm while the ADR or DMN concentration was varied to produce ADR (or DMN)/ribonucleotide ratios ranging from 1:16 to 2:1. Poly (A-U), ADR and DMN were not efficacious antiviral agents when tested individually at the concentrations employed in the ADR (or DMN)/poly (A-U) combinations. When the ADR or DMN was combined with the poly (A-U) to produce ADR (or DMN)/poly (A-U) ratios of 1/6, the 50% effective doses (ED50) of the poly (A-U), ADR and DMN decreased 18, 104, and 185-fold, respectively. However, when ADR or DMN was combined with polyriboinosinic-polyribocytidylic acid [poly (I) . poly (C)], the ED50 of the ADR, DMN and the poly (I) . poly (C) were not affected. Interferon neutralization studies indicated that ADR, DMN, poly (A-U) and the ADR (or DMN)/poly (A-U) combination induced the production of interferon-beta (IFN-beta). The amount of IFN produced by the ADR (or DMN)/poly (A-U) combinations was equal to the sum of the IFN produced by their constituents. These results indicate that the ADR and DMN potentiate the antiviral activity of the poly (A-U) without affecting the amount of IFN induced. The direct viral inactivation study demonstrated that ADR, DMN, poly (A-U) and the ADR (or DMN)/poly (A-U) combinations do not inactivate the VSV at concentrations near the ED50.

Subject

Biochemistry & Molecular Biology; Pharmacology & Pharmacy; Virology

Format

Journal Article or Conference Abstract Publication

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Rights

Article information provided for research and reference use only. All rights are retained by the journal listed under publisher and/or the creator(s).

Pages

285-292

Issue

5

Volume

1

Citation

Jamison J M; Bonilla P J; Tsai C C, “Enhancement Of The Antiviral Activity Of Poly (a-u) By Adriamycin And Daunomycin,” NEOMED Bibliography Database, accessed May 6, 2021, https://neomed.omeka.net/items/show/10312.

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